-Dams are dirty and expensive, says federal prosecutor Felício Pontes Jr~
June 20, 2012 -James Augustine
The Prosecutor that barred Belo Monte says the Government mind to sort this kind of energy as sustainable. He questioned the inclusion of the item that considers hydroelectric plants as sources of renewable energy in the document ‘ Rio + 20 ‘
The federal prosecutor Felicio Pontes Jr. described it as “a lie told a thousand times” the federal Government’s speech that the energy generated by hydroelectric plants, especially those built in the basins of the Amazon region, is clean and renewable. He called on civil society to fight the Government’s attempt to include in the official document of the Conference on sustainable development, Rio + 20, an item that considers the hydroelectric power a renewable energy, such as solar, wind and biomass.
“The document of Brazilian contribution either consider the hydroelectric plants as renewable sources and, therefore, green employment-generating. This is fake. The dams are dirty. Dirty and expensive. And Amazon may not have hydroelectric power plants. The region has low slope in its rivers. At the time they are ready, the flooding of an area is very large due to the dams. Affect indigenous peoples, Riverside, protected areas, often species of endemic flora and fauna, affect navigation. Can not let a lie told a thousand times it becomes a truth, “said federal prosecutor, one of the greatest fighters of the works of the Belo Monte hydroelectric plant, in Pará, in an interview with the newspaper criticism.
Methane Felicio Pontes Jr. was one of the speakers at the debate this Tuesday (19) on dams in the Amazon during the programming of the peoples Summit parallel event, the Rio + 20, which happens at the Aterro do Flamengo.
The Prosecutor cited as an example of environmental impact which occurred in the Amazon, with the construction of the Balbina dam. “Researchers found that Balbina emits methane, a gas 25 times more powerful than carbon dioxide. How can this be called clean?
STF Speaking to a small audience, which has grown to the extent that their participation was getting more forceful, the federal prosecutor also reported that the Federal Supreme Court (STF) should review this semester the injunction that requires the Brazilian Government see indigenous peoples for the construction of the Belo Monte hydroelectric plant.
If the appeal is accepted by the Supreme Court of the MPF, the decision applies to other similar ventures in the region, such as those that are already being initiated into the gutter of the Tapajós River, between Pará and Mato Grosso, and even projects that are still in the phase of inventories and economic feasibility studies.
“One of 15 processes that the MPF moves against the Government asks that the Indians were not consulted in advance for these projects by which will be achieved. This violates the Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization, on the rights of indigenous peoples, and the article 231 of the Federal Constitution of Brazil. Enter an injunction in federal court, which was later revoked. Now, must enter the Supreme. This is very important to us. This was what we wanted, because it will be the first time that the Supreme will manifest itself on this matter. It is thank you. Will say that is what is in the Constitution or not. Hope so. And the decision must be assimilated Poe other courts. Is it for everyone, “said the Prosecutor.
Felicio Pontes Jr. recalled that studies the construction of hydroelectric dams in the Amazon 151. Of these projects, half affects indigenous territories.
Belo Monte has already been denounced the two international bodies and the MPF wants that the Brazilian Government is judged on the Inter-American Court. The two bodies, the ILO and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization of American States (OAS), recognized that the project violates the rights of indigenous and traditional peoples of the surrounding region, said the Prosecutor.
Petition A petition signed by 350 thousand signatures of French citizens will be delivered on Wednesday by indigenous leaders affected by the works of Belo Monte to French President François Hollande, who will participate in the Rio + 20. The discussions between the heads of State officially begin on Wednesday (20).
The petition was a mobilization of various supporters of groups that fight against the Belo Monte dam, including a tikuna indigenous, born in Amazonas, Hildon Tikuna, who lives in France seven years ago and that participates in the peoples Summit in Rio de Janeiro. The attempt of pressure on the French President occurs because two companies, Alstom and GDF Suez, are part of the consortium of construction of the works of hidrelética.
The intention of the indigenous is that the document is delivered by Chief Raoni, principal leadership of caiapó people affected by dams on the Xingu. Raoni was one of the “stars” this Tuesday at the Summit of the people. After speaking in the debate on the hidrelética, he went on a short walk through the halls of the Aterro do Flamengo. It was also one of the most harassed by visitors to the event.