In Bahia, families live of wind

In Bahia, families  live of wind

Arrival of routine changes of  wind who had only with subsistence agriculture

Ramona  Ordoñez

Published:7/07/12 – 08:05 pm
Updated:7/07/12 – 08:06 pm


Terezinha Maria estende roupa em seu terreno, onde foi instalada uma torre da usina eólica: ganho de renda de R$ 5,5 mil por ano
Foto: Pablo Jacob / O Globo

Terezinha Maria extends clothes in your ground, where was  installed a tower of wind power plant: gain income of R $ 5.5 billion per year Pablo J/O Globo

CAETITÉ and GUANAMBI (BA) — If you think impossible  to live, review their concepts, because that is what is happening with 300  families in the backwoods of Bahia, a region burdened by drought. As Terezinha Maria da Rocha Paes, who, with the planting of Palm and  grass, sold to whoever has cattle, survived with an income between $ 600 and  thousand dollars per year in Caetité. To lease their land  for the installation of a wind energy Tower, Terezinha secured $ 5,500 a year,  plus a four bedroom furnished — because their former home was very close to the  Tower, where she lives with her husband, two children and mother.

— Was a blessing, but my brothers almost kill me because  they said that the company was going to take my land — account Terezinha,  laughing.

In the region where the terrain Terezinha aerogeradoras  towers of 184 were installed Renews energy, for the creation of High Wind  Complex, Latin America’s largest Wilderness, with 14 farms. The complex, which will be opened tomorrow, has 294 megawatts (MW) of  installed capacity, sufficient to meet the 540 thousand households (about 1.5  million people). The company invested r $ 1.2 billion in  the project.

The complex covers the municipalities of Caetité,  Igaporã and Guanambi, Bahia in the Southwest, the 750 km of Salvador. About 135 thousand inhabitants of the three  municipalities, mainly rural dwellers who lived in extreme poverty, are being  benefited by increased income.

In study phase, a project with the  Light

In spite of the complex have been ready within the period  laid down, they still will not be able to generate energy. This is because the State generating Chesf not completed transmission  line and substation required to receive wind energy of renews and throw it in  the national interconnected System (SIN). The information  is that the company had problems with obtaining environmental permits to build  the transmission line of 120 kilometers. But, by  the contract signed at the 2009 auction, Renews has guaranteed the payment, by  the federal Government, at least 134MW — the energy that she pledged to offer  within the deadlines that is fulfilling.

The President and CEO of Renova, Mathias Becker,  ensures that, for the company, it does not matter receive without generating  energy. So, search collaborate to accelerate the  construction of transmission line. The prediction is that  this only be ready in September of next year.

The Mayor of Caetité, José barrier (PSB-BA), says the  arrival of Renova was very good for the region in economic terms, not only for  the generation of jobs in the construction and operation of complex, but  primarily by social projects, such as the Pinwheel Program, and improving the  income of the rural population, which was very poor, which increased the local  economy.

With its new source of income, Terezinha, for example, has  managed to build a home for one of his sons. Some have  only a tower in his lands, but there are those who have up to 11 — and each one  of them receives $ 5,500 a year, the market value. A  big change for those who lived from family agriculture for subsistence,  primarily cassava, tomato planting, Palm and grass, these two for  livestock.

When the Renews arrived, many residents were suspicious and  not agreed to lease the land. The company had to  change the project and change the location of some towers. Today,  Terezinha, who was against is sorry.

Aniruddha Barbosa Neto and his wife continue  planting cassava, it takes to sell in the city in a bullock cart that he even  built. Their income was R $ 400 annually. Now, with that receives your lease land, by account with pride, it  pays to the Faculty of medicine in Salvador for one of his eight  children:

— I wasn’t afraid, my income has improved a lot, I  can not afford to speak, was a beauty. And now I’m paying  for my son’s College. This tower for me was a wonder. But I had people that lost sleep with fear of losing  ground.

Becker also that, in October, Renews initiates more  complex two wind farms, with investments of R $ 1.8 billion. The  first will have six wind farms with 103 towers, with an installed capacity of  153MW. It should come into operation in September 2013. The other will have nine parks with 127 towers and  installed capacity of 212, 6MW. This is planned for July  2014.

More R $ 1.4 billion will be invested in a project still in  the process of detailing, 400MW, with energy that will be sold to the  Distributor carioca. This is 25.8% of the share capital  of Renova, acquired earlier this year for $ 360 million. The other partner controller is the RR participations, founder of  Renova, Ricardo Delneri and Renato Amaral.

Becker also says that until the beginning of August the  BNDES will enter as a partner, with a contribution of $ 315 million, going to  have 12% of the total capital.

The price of wind power has been dropping each year. According to the Coordinator of the complex of the high  hinterland, Roberto Araújo, in the first auction in 2009, energy contracted out  r $ 144,99 the megawatt-hour (MW/h). As for the  Park which will come into operation in 2013, the cost was R$121,25 MW/h. for the  third, dropped to $ 98,53 MW/h.

Brazil prepares to jump in the sector

Ever the winds are blowing so strong in Brazil. Next year the country will become the tenth in the world  in installed capacity, with 5,183 megawatts (MW) of wind generation — today, is  at 20 place. The projection is the President of  energy research company (EPE), Maurício Tolmasquim, to remember the projects  that will come into operation, such as Renova energy, starting this year. And Brazil already has the lowest price of wind energy in  the world, around R $ 105 megawatt-hour (MW/h).

— The wind generation became competitive. Of course we need of thermal power plants, because it can have a day  with less wind. But reduce the firing of gas thermal — says Tolmasquim.

This year the wind power generation will more than double in  2011, from 1,471 MW to 3,135 MW. With the  projects under construction, the expectation is to reach the 2016 with wind  generation capacity of 8,088 MW, six times more than in 2011.

Second Tolmasquim, wind power has become more  competitive with coming to the country from numerous manufacturers in search of  new markets, due to the crisis in Europe. And, in Brazil,  wind energy can complement the water, since the greater frequency of winds  occurs between May and November, the dry period of the rivers, when we need to  reduce the generation in hydroelectric plants.

— Do not have how to store wind power. But you can stock it in reservoirs of hydroelectric plants in the form  of water. In the time that is windy, for sure generate  the hydro and stocks-if the water in the tank. When it  stops ventar, uses water to generate. The  reservoir is a water battery — says Tolmasquim.

The estimated wind power potential in Brazil today  is 143 000 MW, but Tolmasquim believes it can reach 300 thousand MW. That’s because this potential was calculated  considering torres 50 m tall, and today there are already 100 m 80 m towers,  which raises the generating capacity.

Thermal — has the fuel cost and the environmental  impact that wind does not have. The wind is an  important complementary source of energy — says Tolmasquim

* The reporter travelled at the invitation of Renova  Energy


5 thoughts on “In Bahia, families live of wind

  1. Pingback: In Bahia, families live of wind « Indigenous Brazil~ - Jornal do Brasil

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