Territorial conflict involving indigenous grows and causes riots

29/07/201204:00

Territorial conflict involving indigenous grows and causes riots

AGUIRRE TALENT SPECIAL ENVOY TO ALTAMIRA (PA) DANIEL CARVALHO DE SÃO PAULO

Data released by Cimi (Missionary Indigenous Council) show that 2011 has had the largest number of conflicts involving natives ‘ territorial issues over the last six years.

According to the report, finalized in the past month, the cases were of 82, in 2006, to 99 last year.

The Funai (National Indian Foundation) currently identifies eight States with outbreaks of tension involving Indians from at least 17 ethnic groups.

There are disputes over territories with farmers, miners, loggers and the State itself, as in cases of construction of hydroelectric plants, in addition to frequent protests by health and safety.

One of the focuses of tension is the region of Altamira (West of Pará, about 900 miles from Bethlehem), where the federal government builds the Belo Monte hydroelectric plant. Last week, Indians, who live in araras and jurunas on the banks of the rio Xingu, took hostages three engineers connected to hydroelectric power. In June, they had raided a construction site.

The local Indians are in a permanent state of tension, demonstrated by the paintings in the face and Spears in their hands. Promised works as compensation that has not yet been made are the reason of the protests. “That leaves us disgusted,” says the leader José Carlos Macaw, indigenous land of Macaw Volta Grande.

For the doctorate in Anthropology from PUC-SP Lucia Helena Rangel, Coordinator of Cimi report, three factors contribute to violence against indigenous peoples: bureaucracy, political pressure and economic pressures. “We have a context of economic growth that encourages this resurgence of indigenous law.”

APPROVALS

Other data pointed to by Cimi is the fall in the number of approvals of indigenous lands in recent years.

Since the democratization, the peak of approvals occurred in Government Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002), when the country began to experience greater stability. Were 145 records. In Squid (2003-2010), with greater economic growth, the total fell to 79. In 2011, the first year of President Dilma Rousseff, were 3.

The Ph.d. in anthropology at the PUC-SP Rinaldo Arruda says which recognizes advances in Brazilian indigenous issue, but identifies a “conservative comeback” of government policies. Funai reported that, this year, rousseff approved seven indigenous lands in Amazonas, Acre and in Pará.

Anderson Barbosa/Folhapress
Índios das etnias juruna e arara, que mantêm técnicos de Belo Monte reféns em aldeia
Indians of ethnicities juruna and arara, that maintain technicians Belo Monte hostages in villagehttp://www1.folha.uol.com.br/poder/1127766-conflito-territorial-envolvendo-indigenas-cresce-e-causa-revoltas.shtml

3 thoughts on “Territorial conflict involving indigenous grows and causes riots

  1. Pingback: Territorial conflict involving indigenous grows … – Indigenous Brazil - Jornal do Brasil

  2. Pingback: Territorial conflict involving indigenous grows … – Indigenous Brazil : Revista Veja Brasil

  3. Pingback: Territorial conflict involving indigenous grows … – Indigenous Brazil | Veja, Brasil

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