Funai prepares removal of occupants of indigenous land in the State of Mato Grosso~Xavante

Funai prepares removal of occupants of indigenous land in the State of Mato Grosso

Agency Brazil

Publication: 8/25/2012 12:04 Update:

The National Indian Foundation (Funai) waits for Justice to the illegal occupant notification of the indigenous land (TI) Marãiwatsédé, belonging to the xavantes Indians to start the eviction from 165 thousand hectares, located in the North of Mato Grosso (in the municipalities of São Félix do Araguaia and Alto Boa Vista). The plan for the peaceful withdrawal of the occupants was presented to justice.
Farmers ‘ lawyers say that 7 thousand people occupy the territory, number not confirmed by Funai. The exact date of the beginning of the operation (scheduled for September) has not yet been defined and, for strategic reasons, will not be disclosed. The eviction will mobilise national security force, the Federal Police, the Federal Highway Police. The army can be triggered to provide logistical support.
In addition to the military and police apparatus, the job requires the cross on the irregular occupations. Some information, such as the deforestation, the Brazilian Institute of environment and renewable natural resources (Ibama); others, such as the land situation, are provided by the National Institute of colonization and agrarian reform (Incra).
According to data from the 2010 Census, released earlier this month, more than 30 thousand people inhabiting India declared indigenous lands which were 505 recognised by the Government until December 31, 2010. You Marãiwatsédé was approved in 1998 by Decree of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso and is registered at the registry of the heritage of the Union.
According to Funai, the plan presented to justice requires all actions to the peaceful withdrawal of the occupants. “This all ready to start the withdrawal of these occupants in the initial decision”, said the Agency Brazil, the Director of Territorial Protection of Funai, Aluízio Azanha.
Despite already have some data, the Funai does not yet have information on the number of occupants closed irregular, awaiting survey being done by Incra. According to the lawyers of the farmers who tried to actions to suspend the demarcation and the eviction of it among the 7 million people who live in the area are 800 elementary students. Claim that you just outlined does not match the original territory of the Xavante.
In action presented to the Federal Court (TRF), the lawyers “challenge” the Funai to explain “why logical and plausible for ancient villages and ancient cemeteries xavantes are not within the bounds of the demarcated area” and “why do Rio São, that is of course because of the Xavante, not on typewriter or page the Geofence”.
In response, the Director of Territorial Protection of Funai admits that “eventually, if left portions of traditional areas, but this does not certify that the [designated] is not a traditional occupation”. He recalls that “no demarcation of indigenous land, with rare exceptions, corresponds to the entire traditional territory”; and ponders: “if we assume the assumptions of these arguments, we have to demarcate the whole Brazil”.
For the Mayor of São Félix do Araguaia, Filemon Gomes Limoeiro, the process of eviction could result in conflicts, as occurred during the withdrawal of rural producers of the Raposa Serra do Sol in Roraima, in 2009.
According to satellite images used by Ibama (Prodes), the deforestation of the area increased in the last decade (after approval). According to Azanha, it in Edit dispute are “most vulnerable” and “more deforested.” On the other hand, ICT where completed the process of tenure are more protected from the environmental point of view-“because it has possession of the natives,” he said.
Environmental recovery will be goal of the management plan of the territories, which has not yet been drawn up. Funai hopes the eviction – it calls the explosion-to start discussions with the xavantes themselves. The plan also will deal with the occupation of villages, surveillance of the territory and economic activities in the area, which has been the greatest folwark of Brazil, started with the expulsion of the Xavante in 1966.
It also ensures that family farmers who are in it will be resettled. “This is an obligation of the State”. With the same forcefulness, the Director denies that large farmers will be entitled to compensation. “Profited upon land of Union, never paid tax, never asked for an environmental license, never paid fines environmental infraction. They have no title, profit upon an area of Union and still want to be indemnified? “.

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