1.3 million square kilometers of its territory under risk of turning into desert
Proper management and awareness are weapons to combat desertification, which already reaches 15% of the Brazilian territory
Thais Leitão Brazil Agency reporter
Brasilia-With approximately 1.3 million square kilometers of its territory under risk of turning into desert, think of the correct use of land is becoming increasingly urgent to Brazil. Data from the National Institute of the Semi-arid (Insa), a body attached to the Ministry of science, technology and innovation, show that the area susceptible reaches 15% of the national territory and involves 1,488 municipalities in nine States of the Brazilian northeastern semi-arid region, North of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo.
According to the Coordinator of Articulation in Brazilian Semi-arid (ASA), Naidison Batista, the awareness of farmers on the proper management of land added to the diffusion of technologies adapted to Semi-arid are key elements to combat the desertification process in the country. To do this, Batista endorses the use of agroecological techniques in combating and preventing desertification.
“The confrontation of this process has to be done through prevention and remedying not [the problem]. And in this fight, the application of practices of Agroecology is fundamental, because they call for the care of the Earth, understanding that it is necessary to make use of it without depleting it, without objectifying just profit “, he argued.
He added that the logic of agribusiness, based on monoculture and the use of pesticides, largely contributes to soil degradation, but warned that all mankind is responsible for trying to contain this process.
“The man of the field have to understand that their practices have an impact on nature, but man of the city also need to know that their actions have consequences. We must not waste water on time-consuming baths or prolonged washing cars, for example, drying up rivers and fountains, among others, “he said.
Second Baptist Naidison, there are already many technologies being used in Semi-arid and with positive results. One of them, the program one million cisterns, implemented by the ASA, in partnership with the federal Government, cooperation agencies and private companies, allows you to capture rain water for human consumption through tanks cement plates. Infrastructure, with a capacity of 16 billion gallons of water, is already present in the homes of approximately 600 thousand families.
Less known and widespread is the output found by the small farmer Paraiba Angineide de Macedo, of 42 years. After follow the process of degradation of its property, of approximately two hectares, she met with the help of a local non-governmental organization, the benefits of the cultivation of Indian Neem. The plant, which has the fastest growing and reaches a height of 8 metres in three years, helped to reverse the consequences of desertification and to save the planting medicinal herbs which, according to farmer, was quite impaired.
“The plants not resisted a lot, because the Sun and they died. Now, with the nim, they have shade and are protected from the wind. Children also have improved, because now have shade to play and not get so sick with the dust, “said she, who also plant vegetables in your property.
Editing: Evelyn Chan