The gold rush of the Volta Grande do Rio Xingu~

The gold rush of the Volta Grande do Rio Xingu~

Tereza Amaral















~Foto:João Ramid

The  gold rush of the Volta Grande do Rio Xingu~

Quite possibly Belo Monte will be the gateway to a race for gold in the Volta Grande do Xingu. A mega open-pit mining operation for processing this precious ore, more specifically the 50 kilometers southeast of Altamira.
It is there where the company Beautiful Sun Mining Inc., a subsidiary of Canadian Beautiful Sun Mining Corporatatin, must ‘ detonate ‘ indigenous areas of the Xingu, quite possibly lands of ethnic Indians Assurini. The company has the ‘ green card ‘ Government both Dilma Rousseff as the State of Pará. In the project that I was passed by the Group Save The Amazon, and called Volta Grande, have opted for mining for ore extraction considering the fact of mine meet “next to the surface”. Noting that the “interferes with surface environmental conditions”. Translating: causes disastrous impacts.
The Beautiful Sun says, in the document, this is a viable option, since it would be opposed by the high cost in case of underground extraction. With an investment of US $ 380,077,000 .00, and total investment of US $ 305,821,000 .00 for the first three years of deployment, getting $ 74,256,000 .00, for subsequent years, the project reveals that the plans of the federal and State Governments developments “point out the need for investment”. And more: Explicit that such investment are in “infrastructure, basic education, health and other aspects of improving the indicators of social and economic development of the region, and promote the improvement of the quality of life of their populations, more equitable and sustainable.”
In addition to mapping the area-there are several images of the region, including Bacajá-the document provides investment on the order of $ 1,076,724,000 .00 for “extraction and processing gold ore, establishing partnerships with State and municipal authorities and implementing all management programs, environmental and social monitoring and control proposed in the EIA. The subsidiary company of Beautiful Sun Mining Corporationa, which belongs to the Group Forbes & Manhattan Inc., banco mercantil of private capital that operates with mining projects around the world, says it will offer “collaboration for the realization of social, economic and environmental development of the region”. Meticulously detailed and without, however, mention the indigenous population, Volta Grande will be deployed in the area of the municipality of Senador José Porfírio.
Stated in the report that “the study was performed including the municipalities of Altamira and Vitória do Xingu, all located in the State of Pará, due to regional coverage on which the Enterprise shall exercise influence”. ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES-archaeological occurrences mentioned point, verbatim, to the observation of “places with archaeological potential, that is, places that have environmental characteristics similar to that of many archaeological sites (proximity to the water, little slope, among others), but which have not been found any evidence on the surface, but can reveal how archaeological sites after the polling work.” To avoid partial or total destruction of archaeological heritage, the document suggests a programme of archaeological prospecting and rescue in the municipalities of the study area.
The main route of access is the Transassurini. Another expected impact will be “an increase in the movement of light and heavy vehicles with troublesome noise-generation-and the increased risk of accidents, represented by collisions, roadkill of people and animals. Among the factors that contribute to changing the landscape are listed the removal of vegetation, the earthworks, mounting the mine and its structures.
Volta Grande is located in the region of the Amazon biome with rain forest vegetation and its deployment will affect both agricultural land and built-up areas, on a percentage of 39%, so areas of natural forests and changed, reaching 61%. There are at least 102 species of flora. But the document stresses that “no lies on the endangered species list”. And provides that “activities related to the implementation, operation and closure of the big bend Project can generate dangerous events,” according to preliminary analysis of environmental risks (APRA), the methodology used in environmental licensing processes to hazard identification with risk assessment resulting from the deployment until the closure of the enterprise with a view to implementation of risk management and emergency response plan.
From: Tereza Amaral
Photo: John Ramid

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