Experts point out sustainable use of land for traditional communities as a solution to preservation
Carolina Gonçalves Brazil Agency reporter Brasilia-the sustainable use of land for traditional communities has been touted by the Government as by experts as preservation solution for areas of environmental risk. In the case of the Cerrado, the flag is defended even by universities and by American researchers who follow the trajectory of the biome that occupies more than 2 million square kilometres of national territory.
Despite leading the concentration of biodiversity on the planet and be appointed as “cradle of the waters” by harbouring springs of main river basins of Brazil, the Cerrado biome is the least covered by public policies, is what has fewer rules with respect to the occupation and is one of the most threatened in the country, mainly by agribusiness and infrastructure investments.
Pedro Ramos, which is entitled caboclo and vegetable harvesting in the Amazon, denounces expulsion of traditional, indigenous and Quilombola communities has occurred in all biomes. “We have a perverse development model against us. We are watching people being expelled from their traditional pieces of land in the name of development of agricultural production and clean energy, “said, when reporting the case of Indians in Roraima.
It integrates the National Commission on indigenous peoples and alert for the lack of a land regulation. According to him, the territoriality of these people “are in play because there is no land law to rectify the areas”.
The combination of this scenario with the attractiveness that the Cerrado represents for agribusiness is pointed to by experts in monitoring deforestation maps in Brazil. The biome that covers the Federal District and part of Roraima, Rondônia, Amapá, Amazonas and Pará lost almost half of vegetal cover, according to experts.
To the American researcher and professor at the University of Brasilia, connected to Harvard University in the United States, Donald Sawyer, “the alternative would be to sustainable productive landscapes at least 500 thousand square kilometers, half of which still exists, and the traditional communities ‘ access to resources from sustainable use”.
During the first panel discussion of the 7th meeting and Exposition of the peoples of the Cerrado, which is being held in Brasilia until Aug. 16, Sawyer said that the “landscape with people” would keep the hydrological cycles in the region and keep the rain water infiltration into the soil. According to him, this would soften, including low moisture that is affecting the region.
According to Sawyer, who is also part of the team of researchers from the non-governmental organization Institute society, population and nature (BAKER PLAN), local populations should not seek the “defeat” of agribusiness, but reconcile the activities in such a way as to ensure the sustainability of the region and reinforce the importance of this biome nationally and internationally. “The world still do not know what is and what is its value. We will have to take the initiative because it will not have a foreign interference for the defense of this biome like what happened in the Amazon. Other biomes are still calling the public’s attention and resources of the Cerrado continue in secondary position “, said.
At the end of the day, a Committee formed by about ten members of the Cerrado, organizer of the Network discussions about the situation and demands for the conservation of this biome, will be meeting with the Minister of environment, Izabella Teixeira. According to the organizers of the event, at the meeting, the representatives of the network will relate the main measures that need to be adopted to ensure the preservation of the region in the medium and long term.
The meeting is scheduled for the 6:30 pm after the race of logs and the cry of the Cerrado (marked manifestations to occur in the Esplanade of ministries), and the public hearing that will bring together more than 400 participants with Senators and federal deputies in the National Congress.
Editing: Lílian Balakrishnan