PAC threatens indigenous territories in the Amazon, study suggests


PAC threatens indigenous territories in the Amazon, study suggests

Daniele Bragança October 2, 2012
BR-319 Paving increases pressure for deforestation in the region still preserved, says study. Photo: Ben Sutherland

Great works financed by the federal Government through the growth Acceleration Plan, the CAP will cause irreversible changes in the territories where they live at least 30 indigenous peoples in Amazonia. The conclusion is a study prepared by the Centre of investment in the Amazon, an initiative of the Instituto de Estudos Socioecômicos.
The work on the PAC data crossed investments in the transport sector and electricity. Then related them with the locations of Indian lands provided by Funai (National Indian Foundation). “In the last two decades there has been a void of information about this type of venture. We have to look in the past [the 70] slightly more distant future the impacts of this type of project and show that they can be irrecoverable from human and environmental point of view, “said ((the)) echo Ricardo Verdum, researcher at Inesc responsible withdrawal.
The study “the infrastructure work of the PAC and the indigenous peoples in the Brazilian Amazon” accounts for the construction of 82 works of roads and waterways are expected to be ready until 2014. Of this total, 43 projects affect one or more indigenous lands. The State of Amazonas concentrates the largest number of works, with 37. Rondônia comes in second, with 14, followed by Brazil with 10.
The BNDES is a major funder of these projects. Since 2007, the PAC investment totaling 45 billion dollars for building roads and hydroelectric plants in the northern and northeastern regions.
The history of opening and/or paving roads is causing great impact on indigenous populations and in the forest. An example is the paving of BR 319, which connects Manaus (AM) to Porto Velho (RO), and the expansion of infrastructure to Brazil’s border with Peru and Bolivia. The paving of roads tends to encourage the occupation of lands and exacerbate tensions in the field. The BR 319, for example, will connect the so-called deforestation arc (northern section of Mato Grosso in the Central-Southern Amazonas – Rondônia) with the Central Amazon, area where the forest is most preserved. Probably worsen deforestation and forest degradation, as happens with the BR163, whose axis focuses foci of deforestation in Pará.
Dams X indigenous lands According to the study, close to 90% of the indigenous lands next to plants of CAP are at risk:

“This situation is due to the presence there of the action of logging, mining, and invasions for various purposes. In addition, at least five of these lands was observed the presence of at-risk communities in voluntary isolation “
Most dams in the Amazon will be built in Pará, where they will be 9. Some already are targets of action in court for alleged disrespect for indigenous rights. The Teles Pires, for example, will flood approximately 19 thousand hectares of indigenous land Munduruku, forcing displacement and resettlement in their communities.

The study, released last Friday (28)


One thought on “PAC threatens indigenous territories in the Amazon, study suggests

  1. It seems that developing countries all over the world have challenges to face regards mining. Good luck my friend, and keep up the good work!

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