MPF convenes meeting on mineral exploration in quilombo lands in Pará


MPF convenes meeting on mineral exploration in quilombo lands in Pará

The event, scheduled for October 29, intends to raise information about expansion plans of Mineração Rio do Norte in quilombo communities areas

10/23/2012 to 12:02 The Federal Public Ministry (MPF) will hold next Monday, October 29, meeting at the Attorney General’s Office in Brasilia, for information about the expansion plans of the company Mineração Rio do Norte in lands occupied by Quilombola communities in the region North of the gutter. The event will be held at the request of Maroons in the municipality of Oriximiná, Pará, and the Comissão Pró-Índio (CPI-SP).

Through the Camara of coordination and Review of the MPF, which coordinates the activities of the institution in the themes relating to indigenous peoples and other ethnic minorities, were summoned to the meeting the National Department of Mineral production (DNPM), the Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis (Ibama), the Chico Mendes Institute for biodiversity conservation (ICMBio), the Palmares Cultural Foundation, the National Institute of colonization and agrarian reform (Incra) and the company Mineração Rio do Norte. The four leaders also participate Maroons living in the region and the CPI-SP.

According to the State Prosecutor Luiz Antonio Miranda Amorim Silva, who established procedure to investigate the case, the meeting provides a community dialogue, public entities and company responsible mining development potential. “Moreover we intend to charge the company and the competent public bodies to follow the legal procedure applicable, including the necessary prior consultation of the Quilombola communities possibly affected,” said the Prosecutor.

The company has already initiated the opening of a road linking the Trombetas River toward the Plateau High Cross, even without having carried out any consultations with the communities directly affected. “The quilombolas were surprised by the action of a company that already has machinery and people working in the area without the quilombolas have been consulted or even informed. Because of this they sought the support of the Commonwealth’s Attorney of Santarém and Comissão Pró-Índio to defend their rights, “says Lucia Andrade, Executive Coordinator of the CPI-SP.

Without dialogue -“the company has already started the work to do on the road, but never sat down with us to talk let alone see. We know, through people who are working for the company, which she has permission, “says Ben ABO quilombola community Jesus Last Quilombo Erepecu, Lake in the municipality of Oriximiná.

Another is that lives in the region that will be affected by the extraction of ore is Sundays Printes, Abuí community. “The work began without consulting. Don’t decide anything, when we discovered everything is already being prepared. Now that we are aware of our rights, we will pass on to the community and seek to resolve the situation “, believes Jesus, who will participate in the meeting.

“There is news of authorization for the removal of vegetation for road opening ICMBio, in this case there would be no environmental violation by the company so far. On the other hand, there is no news of prior consultation of the communities possibly affected by the enterprise, which offends the Convention 169 of the ILO [International Labor Organization], “adds Scott.

The State Prosecutor Luiz Antonio Amorim sent Silva Miranda to Ibama and the company a series of questions about the regularity of the mining exploitation in National Forest (Flona) Saracá-Taquera, in September, after the first meeting of Indians and Quilombolas of Oriximiná. According to the information sent by Ibama, the term of reference for the study of Environmental Impact is still being evaluated and, therefore, there is still no license for exploitation.

Mining Interests -mining interests in the quilombo lands of Oriximiná constitute a series threat to these communities, records the CPI-SP. survey conducted by CPI-SP in 2011 has identified the existence of mining processes 94 incidents in six of eight maroon lands in Oriximiná, reaching 34.6% of its total size. The processes involved in bauxite (26 cases), phosphate (33 processes) and gold (35 cases).

According to the survey, the mining processes in Maroon in Oriximiná involve eight companies, but only Mineração Rio do Norte (MRN) already develops mineral exploration activities in the municipality of Oriximiná. The company is the world’s largest producer of bauxite from Brazil, accounting for 68% of the national production. Between MRN’s shareholders are the Vale do Rio Doce (40%), BHP Billiton (14.8%), Rio Tinto Alcan (12%), Companhia Brasileira de aluminio (10%), Alcoa Alumínio s.a. (8.58%), Alcoa World Alumina (5%), Norsk Hydro Brazil Ltda. (5%) and Alcoa Brazil (4.62%) Equity Awa.

Among the various mining titles that MRN holds in that region, 10 mining concessions focus on quilombo lands.

“The issue will be monitored closely by the MPF so that there is no violation of the law concerning the protection of the environment and of the Quilombola communities possibly affected,” says Luiz Antonio Miranda Amorim Silva.
Learn more about the Quilombola communities of Oriximiná in publication of CPI-SP Quilombo Lands in Oriximiná: pressures and threats
Federal prosecutors in the State of Pará Communication advice (91) 3299-3299/0148-0177
(With information from the Press Office of the Comissão Pró-Índio de São Paulo)


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