Mining haunts yanomami Indians
Mining haunts yanomami Indians
Yanomami Indians reject opinion of Bill that seeks to regulate mining exploration on their lands
Napë has given respite to the yanomami. Nor when gold strip illegally nor now, when presents a document to legitimize the prospecting activity. Napë is “white man” in the yanomami language. If the enemy WINS one syllable more: napëpë.
For the yanomami, napëpë are the miners who since years 80 come invading their land, contaminating its rivers, destroying forests and killing its population by killing and by disease. The miners leave, are removed, but return. But from now on, nepëpë can also be the politicians and the authorities who want to allow the entry of large mining companies in their lands.
The new face of the gold rush that both yanomami Indians sombra ceased to be a ghost, a threat that, although close, not got through. In processing since 1996, the Bill that regulates mining in indigenous land received a new version, this time the Congressman Edio Lopez(PMDB/RR). The replacement was announced this month and posted for consultation on the Internet.
“The problems with the mining boom happened, have been reduced, but now they are repeating themselves. The National Congress approved the mining project. Companies are already eyeing in the lands of the Indians. They are discussing and think that, because we are away, we’re not listening. We are in the forest, but we know everything, “says David Kopenawa, a yanomami people’s main indigenous leadership and that 25 years ago has been denouncing the presence of illegal mining in the area.
Between 15 and 20 days of last month, illegal mining and the mining regulations in Indian land were two of the main issues discussed at the 7th Assembly of the Hutukara Yanomami Association and Ye ´ kuana, held at village Watoriki, House of David, the city of Barcelos, Amazonas, Roraima State border.
For David, the entry of mining in yanomami land will bring calamity to its people. “It’s going to contaminate the source of the River, the water that we drink, will open the road, toppling thousands of trees, large and small, get heavy machine, which for us is like big monster. A lot of people will want to come here, even other countries, to take gold, diamond and other precious stones. We do not want mining in our land, “he said.
Actually, there are many companies “eye” in the mining wealth of yanomami indigenous land. At the request of the reporting by the criticism, the National Department of Mineral production (DNPM), sent the most up-to-date list of mining research requirements. There are more than 650 applications processes since the Decade of 70 by the year 2012 just in TI Yanomami, in areas of the States of Amazonas and Roraima to explore different substances, not just gold.
A map of the DNPM which the report had access makes it sharper — and shocking-the territorial dimension coveted by mining companies in yanomami land.
The independent researcher Telma Monteiro, who identified and edited the coverage required by the companies exclusively for the criticism, estimates that 80% of the land of the yanomami Indians are aimed at mining companies which only await over-regulation.
The Congressman Edio Lopez, author of substitutive, defends the project noting that the regulation is provided for in the Constitution of 1988. He points out that indigenous communities are consulted and that “some curbs” will be established. Lopez includes, in this condition, the land has not yet been approved and the Indians considered by them “uncontacted and little understanding of white society”.
The Bill provides for a monthly payment of 2% of gross revenues to the indigenous population affected by mining activity. Asked if the yanomami are in the second category, since their land are approved, he gave the following statement:
“Yes, they are aloof and not know much of our system. But there are the yanomami who are in favour. I was at a hearing in São Gabriel da Cachoeira (at Amazon) and yanomami Indian who had wanted to mining. Only the yanomami influenced by David is that they don’t want, “said Lopez.
The Congressman Lopez, author of substitutive, defends the project noting that the regulation is provided for in the Constitution of 1988. He points out that indigenous communities are consulted and that “some curbs” will be established. Lee includes in this condition the lands not yet homologated and the Indians considered by them “uncontacted and little understanding of white society”.
The Bill provides for a monthly payment of 2% of the indigenous population affected by mining activity.
Asked if the yanomami are in the second category, since their land approved, he said, gave the following statement: “Yes, they are aloof and not know much of our system. But there is the yanomami who are in favour. I was at a hearing in São Gabriel da Cachoeira (Amazonas) and yanomami Indian who had wanted to mining. Only the yanomami influenced by David is that they don’t want, “said Lopez.
The Federal Prosecutor of Roraima entered the last day October 15 an appeal in Federal Court 1 (TRF1) asking for the cancellation of all outstanding requirements in prospecting and mining of OCEANOGRAPHY research of mining in indigenous land in Brazil – and not just in Roraima.
The MPF/RR had already entered with an anticipation of guardianship against DNMP with the same request, but the injunction was denied. According to the federal prosecutor of Roraima, only that there are 1,200 State mining claims on Indian land.
For the Prosecutor Fernando Pacheco, this request has no legal regulations and should not be discontinued. Pacheco believes that, with the current repercussion due to the disclosure of the substitutive Mr Nathanael Lee, the piece is finally approved.
In the lawsuit, the Prosecutor Fernando Pacheco says that what is currently in place in the DNPM is “the illegal practice of administrative procedure of authorization suspension of mining research in indigenous land, without a defined duration, this practice has the distinct function to ensure the right of first refusal to the applicant in the area, when regulatory legislation meet the abovementioned constitutional devices”,
“For each application for a mining consultation and free. The indigenous community may deny, since the Brazil international treaty Signer that foresees the consultation of indigenous peoples, “said Pacheco.
Fernando Pacheco, who attended the meeting in the village of Watoriki Hutukara has demonstrated concern for the advancement of mining interest in yanomami land, especially at this time when we are heading for its regulation.
“The garimpo has a devastating effect to the yanomami communities, environment pollution and outbreak of violence. If the mining exploitation is regulated with the expedition of lavras there will be the risk of a change in an absolutely unique culture in Brazil and which has a degree of preservation almost unmatched by the other of the yanomami “is highlighted.
The anthropologist Ricardo Verdum, Advisor of the Instituto de Estudos Socioeconômicos (Inesc), told the newspaper the criticism that is concerned with the way in which the matter is being handled by federal legislation, disregarding the national and international legislation regarding the right of indigenous peoples to free, prior and informed consultation.
“The Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization came into force internationally on September 5, 1991. he has three articles that are extremely relevant to the subject of prior consultation, which are the article. 6, article 7 and article 15. Summarizing what is established in these three articles, I say: that is guaranteed to indigenous peoples to define their own development priorities; is secured they control, to the greatest extent possible, their own economic, social and cultural development; is guaranteed to these people to participate in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of plans and programmes is guaranteed to these people to participate in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of plans and programmes for national and regional development which may affect them directly, “he said.
Interview with geologist Paulo Ribeiro de Santana, Ombudsman of DNMP
Question: companies that came with these search requests already had their requests granted.
Question: The DNPM will wait for the regulation of mining on indigenous land?
Answer: no, the processes are all on Member States.
Question: If the applications have not yet been met, businesses will have preference in the granting, when the National Congress approve the Bill?
Answer: who is going to answer this question is the new text that is approved by the National Congress, that nobody knows whether what he is proposing as a Substitute. Does not mean that the Substitute will be approved, he surely will be submitted to Parliament for deliberation If yes or no.
(Lee is Lopez)