History of Guarani~
The Guarani people were one of the first to be contacted after the arrival of Europeans in South America, about 500 years ago. In Brazil, currently live about 46 thousand Guarani Indians, in seven different States, making them the most numerous ethnic group in the country. Many other Guarani Indians living in Paraguay, Bolivia and Argentina. The Guarani people in Brazil are divided into three groups: Ñandeva and Kaiowá, M byá, of which the largest is the Kaiowá, which means ‘ people of the forest ‘. Guarani children working in the sugar cane plantations, which now cover most of the lands of his people in Mato Grosso do Sul. The Guaraní people is deeply spiritual. Most communities have a space for prayer, and a religious leader whose authority is based on prestige, rather than formal power. The ‘ land without evils ‘ The ideal of ‘ land without evils ‘ is constant presence in the culture of the Guarani Indians, who seek a place, announced by their ancestors, where people live free from pain and suffering. Over the centuries, the Guaraní traveled vast distances in search of ‘ land without evils ‘. A 16-century chronicler recorded that the Guarani have the ‘ constant desire to find new lands in which they imagine they’ll find immortality and perpetual facility ‘. This ongoing search is indicative of the unique feature of the Guaranis, ‘ a distinct stroke ‘ them that has often been noted by those who are not part of their culture. Currently, this manifests itself in a more tragic: deeply affected by the loss of almost all their lands in the last century, the Guarani people suffer a wave of suicide in South America. The problems are particularly serious in Mato Grosso do Sul, where ethnicity has come to occupy an area of forests and Plains of about 350,000 square kilometers. The gunfighters A Guarani community describes the threats imposed by gunmen hired by ranchers who stole their land. Nowadays, the Indians live squeezed into small pieces of land surrounded by cattle ranches and vast fields of soybeans and sugar cane. Some do not have any land, and living camped on the edge of the road.