For demarcation, Indians occupy lands


Christian Ram/Gazeta do Povo

Christian Rizzi/ Gazeta do Povo / O pajé Luiz Coronel, da etnia avá-guarani, está acampado em Matelândia: “tem que fazer pressão na Funai”, diz
The shaman By Colonel, avá-guarani, ethnicity is encamped in Matelândia: “have to put pressure on the Funai”, says

The agrarian question

For demarcation, Indians occupy lands

Indigenous campsite in canvas tents in scattered areas in Parana 18 to press for the regularization of settlements

 11/27/2012 | Denise Paro, of the branch


Parana has 18 public and private areas occupied by indigenous families who live in shanties of tarpaulin. Indians seek to pressure the Government in an attempt to get more land. Most of the occupations is concentrated in the Western region. Only in Guaira, on the border with Paraguay, about 1.3 million people are spread across eight areas. Four other camps are located in the region of Terra Roxa. There are also indigenous groups around Vitorino, Guarapuava, Santa Helena, Palmas, Matelândia and Londrina.

In the region of Matelândia, 25 indigenous ethnicity Avá-Guarani are camped near a farm. The Indians, who are eight families left the Tekohá Añetete settlement, an area of 1,744 hectares in the municipality of Diamante do Oeste, to claim more land from the Government. The village was created by Itaipu Binacional, after flooding of land caused by the formation of the reservoir. In the same place, there is another recently, the Itamarã, with 242 hectares.


Most of the historic territory of the Guarani is

Anthropologist Osara de Moura Ramos, who advises the Prosecutor on Indigenous Affairs, explains that the southern Mato Grosso do Sul and the West of Paraná, which concentrates most of the occupations, are historical territories of Guarani.

A number of factors over recent years contributed to the recognition of the territory were delayed. The Indians ‘ mobility, migration, and profile building hydropower plants contributed to the delay. “Our borders are other. We need to work with ethnic borders of them to understand the matter of fact. Today they move and fall within a farm because they have more spaces “emphasises the anthropologist.

Among the caingangue there is problems with the lack of land, but the Indians did not understand when it comes to territorial management. There are jurisdictional conflicts that escalate until the profile of ethnicity, that presents a potential for conflict. (DP)

“There is great, but the families are increasing and we are out of space”, says Antonio Acosta Tupa, 48 years, the Chief of the group. The Indians want the Government to buy the Lion Farm, private property, which is next to the camp. “Have to put pressure for the Funai [National Indian Foundation] and the Government,” says the pajé By Colonel, 54 years.

The Land Affairs Advisor of the State Government, Sanfilippo, admits that the situation is worrying, especially in Guaíra. “If demarcating the areas, Guaíra lies within a village. The situation is delicate, “he says.

The Paraná Government attempts to resolve the situation via the Board of development and integration (Codesul), who created a group, with representatives of the Public Ministry, indigenous and military police, to discuss the subject. ­ ­

The solution, says Sanfilippo, also involves the Governments of Paraguay and Argentina, because the Guarani Indians, responsible for the bulk of occupations in the State, have migratory profile and disregard the existence of borders. For indigenous peoples, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina are just a territory, the so-called Guarani Nation. Sanfilippo says that has already been made the proposal for the State to acquire public areas because the cost of private land is high. The price of the basket revolves around R $ 100 thousand.

The regional coordinator of the Funai Interior Sul, Antonio Marini says that the Agency is providing anthropological studies to characterize the occupations in the State. From the results obtained, there will be more able to make referrals in order to solve the problem.

Guaíra receives Indians of Mato Grosso do Sul

Most of the Indians who today are in Guaíra came from Mato Grosso do Sul. Are Water ­ ranis who lived earlier in Paraná, but migrated to the neighboring state in search of land. Now, they began to return because there is a conflict between indigenous people and farmers.

In the region of Guaíra, the Lo ­ dios occupy public and private areas and survive as you can: they work as cold-floats, garbage collectors, make crafts and also reap the streets remains of construction materials to build their own dwellings. Eventually, receive baskets of national Supply Company.

The indianista and head of National restitution ­ Fun (Funai) in Guaira, Ferdinando Nesso, says that the situation is complicated for Indians. “The process is painful. The Indians went to the Mato Grosso do Sul dissatisfied and returned to a difficult situation. “

The promoter Ercias Ro ­ dri ­ ­ gues de Souza, Foz do Iguaçu, assesses that the natives of the State through a series of problems, including health issues and housing, but the greatest demand is for territory. “We have great needs in villages, lands that are not yet demarcated, but busy,” he says.


The good condition of the reserves of the West Paraná attract other families you ­ ­ Pier. In Tekoha Añetete settlement reserves, between 2010 and 2011, the number of families increased from 45 to 73 and in the village of Ita ­ ­ March of 25 to 35. The two reserves are in Diamond of the West. If added to the families living in Tekoha Ocoí, São Miguel do Iguaçu, the indigenous total reaches 260 families. The reserves were created after the Itaipu Reservoir, in 1982, which forced the Indians out of their own land.




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