Sonia Guajajara at press conference in Doha – COP 18
Published on Nov 29, 2012 by adoptnegotiator
Sonia Guajajara, Brazilian Indigenous leader talks to Nathalia clark, The Brazilian tracker for the Adopt a Negotiator Project. http://adoptanegotiator.org/
Talking about indigenous rights, land rights during times that the priority is economic growth through technological progress and the advancement of production, becomes an unfair competition and unfair. I am not saying that we are opposed to the country’s development, but it cannot grow by leaving their children behind nem so little disregard existing rights.
The Brazil, has appeared regularly as a country leader and economically relevant in the global context, which advanced reportedly in the implementation of social inclusion policies both in overcoming poverty and inequalities, unfortunately, in reality it is not so, particularly with respect to the protection and promotion of the rights of indigenous peoples and communities.
The development model adopted by Brazil became irreversible, implying growth of country’s prioritization based on reprimarização process of commodity economy from extractive industry, especially mineral, and agribusiness. The development model of Brazil is based clearly on extractive industry their agri-export. This model requires necessarily the expansion of infrastructure, namely the deployment of large enterprises, which inevitably impact lands and territories, the socio-economic life, physical, cultural and spiritual of indigenous peoples and other local communities.
According to this model, the Government has been silent and complicit with the offensive to indigenous rights by means of administrative, legislative and legal measures antiindígenas in the different powers of the State.
There is a remarkable agreement with political and economic sectors opposed to indigenous rights, interested in indigenous territories and their wealth (minerals, hydropower, forestry, biodiversity), in exchange for supporting the sustainability and governance required by the Executive.
As the antiindígenas Laws that are being held:
PEC 215/00. This SGP has the purpose of transfer to the National Congress the authority to approve the demarcation of indigenous lands, the establishment of conservation units and quilombo land titling, which is the responsibility of the Executive Branch, by means of FUNAI, IBAMA and the Palmares Cultural Foundation, respectively. The approval of the PEC 215 – as well as the PEC 038/99, pending in the Senate, threaten the already demarcated indigenous lands and prevents any possible future demarcation. The risk is great since the National Congress is composed mostly of representatives of powerful economic sectors sponsors of the current development model.
Mining project. Mining Workbench, is intended to approve the Bill 1610/96 which deals with mineral exploration on indigenous lands. The rapporteur’s text ignores completely safeguards for protecting territorial integrity, social, cultural and spiritual indigenous peoples, would simplify the search authorization and mineral mining in Indian lands, with enough amenities and conditions that allow easy and resulted in profit of the enterprises involved. little contact, when submitting his fate to the principles of national security; establishes or laughable way away from the involvement of Federal prosecutors their role of protecting indigenous rights; buries the autonomy of indigenous peoples, when submitting its decision not to want a resolution to mining Commission deliberative Government that should say which is the best proposal for the communities, reviving the paternalistic and authoritarian, tutelary indigeneity. Anyway, minimize the scope of the right of consultation established by the Federal Constitution and the Convention 169 of the ILO;
Administrative and legal measures contrary to indigenous rights.
The Federal Government has published in the past two years a series of decrees and ordinances contrary to indigenous rights, such as:
2498/2011 Ordinance aimed at the participation of federated entities (States and municipalities) in the process of identification and demarcation of indigenous lands; When editing this measure, the Government ignored the Decree 1775/96 laying down the procedures for the demarcation of indigenous lands and that already guarantees the right of contradictory argued for the creation of this Ordinance.
419/2011 Ordinance, regulating the actions of indigenous body, the National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) in term whimsy, in environmental licensing processes, to facilitate the implementation of undertakings of the growth acceleration program – PAC (hydroelectric power, mining, ports, waterways, roads, transmission lines, etc.) in the indigenous territories.
303/2012 Ordinance, this Ordinance, seeks to extend to all indigenous lands the conditions decided by the Supreme Court in the lawsuit against the Raposa Serra do Sol indigenous land (3,888-Roraima Petition/STF).
The Government issued the Ordinance even though the Supreme Court’s decision on the motion for the Raposa Serra do Sol has not yet made a final decision and these conditions may undergo modifications, or even being removed by the Supreme Court.
The Ordinance states that indigenous lands can be occupied by units, posts and other military interventions, loops roads, hydropower and minerals of strategic nature, without consulting the indigenous peoples and communities and FUNAI; determines the revision of demarcations demarcated already in progress or that are not in accordance with what the SUPREME COURT decided the case of Raposa Serra do Sol indigenous land; attacks the autonomy of indigenous peoples on their territories; limits and establishes the right of indigenous peoples to the exclusive use of natural resources in indigenous lands provided by the Federal Constitution; transfers to the Chico Mendes Institute for biodiversity conservation control of indigenous lands, which were illegally and improperly overlapping protected areas; and creates problems for the revision of demarcated indigenous land boundaries, which did not observe fully the indigenous law on traditional occupation.
All these measures, contrary to what it claims the Government has created a climate of apprehension and tension that aggravates social and legal insecurity already installed for decades, increased agrarian conflicts between indigenous people and farmers, increase of illegal exploitation, exactly because of the slowness of the State to recognize, demarcate and protect the lands and territories of indigenous peoples.
Current cases of violence and human rights violations:
Recently day 07/11-A Munduruku people’s indigenous – MT, was brutally murdered during a Federal Police operation in territory already demarcated;
In MS, indigenous people Kadiwéu are evicted from Land approved for more than a century and Guarani Kaiowá suffer the attacks of various kinds and are murdered in their homes, as if that wasn’t enough, the gunmen kill and disappear with the bodies and still blame the Indians by violence;
In the RS, Mbyá Kaingang people and Indigenous living on the shores of the roads under intense cold camped South of the country, surviving for decades on small pieces of land between the fences of landlordism and asphalt of roads and railways.
In the Javari Valley-AM, around 4 thousand indigenous people do not have health care, or in dire situation, considered eradicated diseases kill on a daily basis as is the case of Hepatitis B in the region. Today 85% of the population is infected with the virus and has a huge index of death.
AWÀ-Guaja-MA, the Carajás railroad expansion by mining company Vale, will promote the disappearance of forests and fauna that are the source of life of the people and which today, still have their lands invaded by loggers and clandestine roads that open inward in the Woods and also with Earth Araribóia.
Tembé – PA, loggers invaders set bullet against indigenous leaders and police officers who were monitoring the Earth. An Indian was gone for 36 hours in the Woods (there are two hours ago was found), and the climate of tension in the region worsens each day for lack of insecurity and frequent attacks in reprisal to those who defend the forest.
In the Northeast, constant criminalization and constant violence against indigenous peoples.
Can’t follow reporting because my time is ending, but Ridge that these are just a few of the many that we are facing.
And because I’m talking about all this here? Many are wondering, and what does this have to do with the climate that is the focus of the Conference?/All these threats and violations of rights are intrinsically linked to the subject on the agenda, because we all know that indigenous peoples are those who contribute the most to the preservation of the forests, environment, nature, proven indigenous lands are a bulwark against deforestation and consequently avoids greenhouse gas emissionsOnce the largest emissions of Brazil are linked to deforestation, degradation and burned.
Being we indigenous people the protagonists in the preservation of the forests, and that the concept we have a harmonious relationship with nature, if we lose our rights in the territories, there will be a significant impact to the further increase in emissions and consequently an increase in the imbalance of the climate on the planet, because losing our territories and forests lose their legitimate guardians.
Repeal the Decree 303, PEC, PEC 038 215 and all government measures that restrict our rights!!
This statement was based on the public letter of the APIB, the undersigned of the Group I Support the indigenous cause and CCME.
Sonia Guajajara Vice Coordinator-COIAB Member of the National Direction of the APIB
Submitted by Ro ‘ otsitsina.
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