Demolition of the Maracanã Village contradicts technical advice
Demolition of the Maracanã Village contradicts technical advice
Rodrigo Pinto BBC Brazil in London
Carlos Wrede/Agência O Dia/ Estadão Conteúdo
Manfiestaram Government technical objection against demolition in Rio de Janeiro
Technical organs of the three levels of Government (federal, State and municipal) linked to the preservation of public heritage have expressed objections to the demolition of the Village called Maracanã-where, for nearly 25 years, worked the Museu do Índio-in documents available to the public defender of the Union (DPU), which tries to prevent tipping and the withdrawal of local Indians.
A statement by the Minister of culture, Marta Suplicy, on Wednesday increased the pressure on the Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro for the preservation of the building. Marta says Iphan recommended the tipping of the building.
In opinions and studies carried out between 2006 and 2012, the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico Nacional (Iphan), the State Institute of Cultural Heritage in the State of Rio de Janeiro (Inepac) and the Municipal Council of Cultural Heritage Protection Rio discouraged the overthrow of the building, built at the beginning of 19 century.
The Regional Council of engineering and Agronomy (Crea-RJ), which supervises and controls activities such as engineering and architecture, also delivered an opinion contrary to the demolition.
These documents are part of the dossier-which the BBC Brazil had access-in defense of the village Maracana, sent by the DPU to the Attorney General and to the Secretariat of human rights of the federal Government. The Human Rights Secretariat is awaiting an opinion from the AGU on whether or not to enter the case.
On Friday, the Indian families occupying since 2006 the old Indian Museum, near the maracana Stadium, in Rio de Janeiro, received an extrajudicial notification of the Attorney General of the State establishing a ten-day deadline for them to withdraw, under threat of eviction.
‘ Beautiful ‘
In a document dated November 2006, Iphan, through its Office in Rio, repudiating “the principle, proposals that they intend to raze the building, which still survives, in aid of the construction of parking lots or the like”.
The letter was a response to the non-governmental organization children of Earth, which called for the preservation of the property and showed the intention to install there a cultural centre.
Already the Inepac, in October 2010, craft reports that “performed studies with views to the education of tipping” of the property, but that, “for reasons unrelated to our wishes, there was continued in the upper spheres.”
Sought by BBC Brazil, the then Director-General of Inepac, Maria Regina Pontim Mattos (technical institution today), who signed the document at the time, explained why there is no further request for tipping.
“This was the first project (tipping) that I examined as Director-General. We thought there were characteristics of the building that were important, there was able to be preserved, was beautiful, was more healthy than now and was not busy. But at that time there was a concern of the Secretary (culture) not to topple the new, but to review the provisional protection to become definitive. “
“But at this point, I cannot speak for the institution,” he added, to recommend the BBC Brazil find the current Director-General of Inepac, Paulo Eduardo Vidal Leite Ribeiro.
The interview request with the Director was denied by the State Department of culture, which is responsible for the organ. The Secretariat sent a statement to the BBC in which reports that in the past have been made both a “historical research”, in 1977, as the recommendation for a “continuation of the studies within the Institute”, in 1997, on the property.
However, the Secretariat notes that “there is no inventory sheets or any administrative procedures that may characterize the opening of Tipping” and that “one cannot say that the INEPAC ‘ intended to topple the property ‘”.
Sought by the BBC, the Iphan reported that was not consulted about the buildings that are not listed-and that disclosure of the craft in which discourages the demolition would be the responsibility of the public defender of the Union.
‘ Political ‘ Interest
In addition to the organs directly linked to public patrimony, the Crea also positioned itself as opposed to demolition, in a report of October last year, when the legal clash over the fate of the building had already begun.
According to the entity, the building is in “reasonable condition”. The Crea suggested the “full restoration” and his “transformation in Indian Cultural Centre”.
The federal public defender Afolabi Ordacgy says that “this is a clear case where the political interest overlaps to technical character”.
“No one understood until now because the (Governor of Rio, Sérgio) Cabral wants both demolish it there”, says Ordacgy.
The proponent States that the demolition is contrary to the Rio de Janeiro municipal legislation. A decree determines that felled and changes of properties built before 1937 shall only be permitted after a favorable pronouncement of the Municipal Council of Cultural Heritage Protection.
But in December the Council decided otherwise, unanimously. Anyway, the Mayor Eduardo Paes has authorized the public works Company in the State to tear down the building.
“The word of the politician can have no more weight than a municipal Decree” asks the Defender.
‘ Reference, yes ‘
The current Director of the Museu do Índio, José Carlos Lighthearted, deplores the polarization around the village Maracanã and questioned the removal of Indians and the overthrow of the former seat.
“The building itself is a reference, Yes, to the city. The population for many years acknowledged at that place the Indian Museum. To this day, in fact. And Miss references is pretty bad. On the other hand, it’s not enough to keep and preserve. We have to think about how to brighten our references, “he reflects.
Lighthearted also says that the Government should take this crisis to adopt an exemplary solution regarding the rights of Indians.
“The issue is very complex and is very judicializada. Funai’s direction is in keeping with the subject. And the Federal Public Prosecutor’s Office is also available. We have to follow so that any right of the Indians to be violated “.
On Wednesday, the Minister of culture, Marta Suplicy, added pressure for the preservation of the old Indian Museum and non-expulsion of the occupants.
“We expect to prevail the interest in preserving the tangible and intangible heritage and the sensitivity of the State Government,” said the Minister, after a conversation with the Governor in exercise of Rio, Luiz Fernando Pezão, which reported that the Iphan already recommended to State the listing of the property.
With the delivery of the extrajudicial notification is made on Friday, it is expected that the Cross River State Government with action, next week, to repossession. The Judicial decision is in the hands of the Federal Regional Court (TRF).
In December, the President of the Court, Judge Maria Helena Swan, stripped two injunctions that called for the suspension of the withdrawal; in January, the President-in-Office of the FRR, Raldênio Bonifacio Costa gave 10 days so that the Attorney General of the Union manifested on the case, which took longer to the occupation.
“But the President of the FEDERAL COURT of APPEAL does not seem to have a hurry and gives no sign that it will take the case to the monthly sessions of the governing body. This damages the Indians, because without a collegiate decision, the case can stand still for years, and is the suspension of the injunctions that we and the Prosecutor present, “says the public defender Afolabi Ordacgy.
In practice, with the maintenance of the previous decision of Judge Maria Helena Swan, so the Indians can be removed as the building can be demolished next week.