New injunction stops demolition of Indian Museum in Rio

New injunction stops demolition of Indian Museum in Rio


Agência Estado

1/26/201309:00 pm

River-a new injunction of the Court of Justice of Rio issued on late Saturday to prevent demolition of the building of the old Indian Museum, situated next to maracana Stadium, in Rio. The injunction also establishes a penalty of $ 60 million for the case of non-compliance with the decision. The building is the target of a legal battle between the Government and about 23 Indian families occupying the building since 2006 and are demanding the creation of a cultural centre. The Government wants to demolish the building, built in 1862, to build parking lots and a commercial center for the 2014 World Cup.

The injunction was granted after a request from the public defender’s Office and still fit. The value of fine corresponds to the amount paid by the State of Rio in the purchase of the property, which belonged to the national supply company (Conab), the Ministry of agriculture. The purchase was made official in August last year.

In his ruling, judge André Tredinnick sorts the demolition of the building as “unjustifiable” and that “scorns and ignores” the Constitution and the Declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples of the UN adopted in 2007. The document, signed by Brazil, ensures to traditional peoples the right to security and autonomy; prevents removal without consent and guarantees the right to “maintain, protect and develop the past, present and future manifestations of their cultures, such as archaeological and historical sites.”

The judge also cited several Tredinnick opinions of technical bodies, local, State and federal heritage protection and a letter from Fifa in which the Organization denies having required the demolition of the building for games at maracana. The Governor of Rio, Sérgio Cabral, argued that the work had been a Fifa request to ensure the mobility of the fans during the events at the stadium. “The standards are designed to prevent the secular practice of expulsion of Indians from their territory originating in or of occupation as a result of successive offsets part of the process of continuous genocide of these populations, that a nation to civilized must stop”, concluded the judge.

According to the public defender Edward Newton, the request was made after the placement of the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (Iphan) favourable to having the property last Friday. “That justified the filing of this precautionary action asking not demolition. The judge understood that the demolition would be an irreparable loss for the asset, “said the Defender.

Iphan vouched that the preservation of the building is important not only for the architectural value but also as a function of the memory and identity of the indigenous people. The old Indian Museum is occupied by different families of 23 ethnic groups since 2006.

At the site, called the “Village Maracana”, they perform educational and cultural activities and the sale of handicrafts. Before being transformed into a Museum, the space was also the headquarters of the Indian Protection Service (SPI), an agency that gave rise to Funai. “It’s a partial victory. We understand that if today the injunction prevents the demolition, there is no reason for eviction of the building, “said Newton. In an extrajudicial notification, the Government of Rio had stipulated a ten-day deadline for the eviction of the property by the Indians. The deadline expires next Monday.




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