Munduruku Indians and Kayabi Teles Pires plant contrary to discuss with Minister Gilberto Carvalho
Saturday, February 23, 2013
Munduruku Indians and Kayabi Teles Pires plant contrary to discuss with Minister Gilberto Carvalho
The feud between the Government and the Indians around the construction of dams won a new ingredient on Thursday, when the Secretary General of the Presidency, Minister Gilberto Carvalho, was forced to step down from his Office at the Presidential Palace to calm the passions of a group of Indians tribes Munduruku and Kayabi, protesting against the construction of the hydroelectric plant Teles Pires in northern Mato Grosso.
The report is Catherine Alencastro and André de Souza and published by the newspaper O Globo, 2/22/2013.
The Indians came to bring a list of claims to the Presidency and refused to enter the Palace. The GLOBE witnessed the dialogue between Gilberto Carvalho and a member of the Mundurukutribe. The debate took place on the border between the entrance of the plateau and the outside:
— You have two options: one is clever: is say ok, we’ll follow we will demand our rights, we will require preservation of this and that and benefits to us. The other is to say no. This will turn around, unfortunately, a very sad thing, and will hurt much at all, to the Government, but also to you. The hidrelétrica we don’t because we want, (but) because the country needs — explained Gilberto.
— Nature also the country needs — answered the representative of tribe, insisting that the interlocutor of President Dilma to sign the receipt of the claim.
— I sign. What I’m saying to you is eye to eye. I don’t want to cheat. We will do everything within the law, we’ll make the oitivas, let’s make audiences — pondered Gilberto Carvalho.
— Have to look at our side as well — asked the Indian.
— Tamo(sic) looking — said the Minister.
— We came in you … — insisted the Indian.
— The House is everyone from Brazil — Gilberto noted.
— But our area is our life. What if we break everything here? — threatened the Indian.
At this time, Gilberto, tensed, began to walk toward the reception desk of the plateau, to sign the document:
— I will receive(the document).I’m going to ask you to rise there, hear my commitment and my commitment. I’m going to sign.
After signing the agenda, Gilberto back and insists once again so that the Indians to rise to his Office to hear the Government’s position:
— I’ve signed. But up there to listen. Here is the House of the people.
— If it is to talk about, we didn’t go hydropower — kept the Indian.
— Nobody will talk about non-hydroelectric. No one will cheat you. I not mistaken no one, I talk things with clarity, this is my concern. You have been deceived long, centuries — promised the Minister. — We’ll climb, you read the document (of them), will undertake and at no time will talk of hydro — suggested the Indian. — Okay. The House is yours — Gilberto ended.
— I’m not going to sleep here, not. Here is not my house, do not — the Indian, who retorted finally decided to follow the Prime Minister and his aides into the Cabinet.
The munduruku Indians and kayabi living in the region of the border between the States of Mato Grosso and Pará, where it is being built the hydroelectric power plant of Teles Pires. The climate in the region is tense and have resulted even in the death of an Indian mundukuru, in November last year. He lost his life in confrontation with the Federal Police (PF).
Thu, November 4, 2010
Teles Pires hydroelectric complex: six plants and a river
“The project Teles Pires, in fact, is a large hydroelectric complex. If it is completed, you will be able to become, in less than fifty years ago, a young man in the midst of a fossil desert induced in the heart of the Amazon, “said Telma Monteiro, Coordinator of energy and infrastructure of Amazon Environmental defence Association Kanindé, in an article published on his blog, 11/3/2010,
Teles Pires hydroelectric complex and indigenous lands
Here’s the article.
The Teles Pires River is in governmental plans since the late 1980 when it was made an inventory of the watershed. The initial project that remained forgotten until 2001, as were the six hydroelectric plants. In 2005 a consortium formed by the State-owned Eletrobrás, Furnas , Eletronorte decided to desengavetá it and keep the plans for the six hydroelectric plants, of which five would be in rio Teles Pires and one in foz do Apiacás River, one of its tributaries.
Although the proposal to build five power plants in rio Teles Pires-São Manoel (747 MW), Teles Pires (1820 MW), Co-leader (342 MW), Sinope (461 MW), Magessi (53 MW)- Foz do Apiacás in rio Apiacás (275 MW), not synergistic impact studies were carried out in the region. An Environmental impact study and environmental impact Report (EIA/RIMA) of Teles Pires hydroelectric plant was accepted last month (October, 2010) by the Instituto Brasileiro de Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Renováveis (Ibama). Public hearings have been scheduled and are subject to questioning by the public prosecutor.
The energy research company (EPE) is the practice of licensing of hydroelectric dams in the Amazon, great rush to obtain the environmental licenses. By December the Teles Pires should be auctioned, as proclaimed the harbingers of the electricity sector. The previous license (LP) by Ibama, if granted, will meet over a practice invented in the bulge of New institutional model (Law No. 10847/10848 of 2004) built by Dilma Rousseff and Furnas from 2003 when she took over the Ministry of mines and energy (MME).
In the EIA’s analysis of the Teles Pires plant it is possible to have an idea of the size of the problem that affects hard the region in where it starts a sequence of waterfalls called Sete Quedas, on the lower course of the rio Teles Pires. Geographically this plant would be built exactly on the border between two great cities in two States: Jacareacanga, Pará and Paranaíta, in Mato Grosso.
The reservoir is planned to alagar 70 kilometers along the rio Teles Pires. The first half, the amount (upstream) of the dam, it would occupy a narrower stretch of river engulfing areas, across a steep slope and beautifully Rapids. In the other half, the bed is sprawling, dotted with many islands and sand banks. If the project was made possible all that natural wealth would be submerged.
The Teles Pires plant, however, wouldn’t get to 50 years of life, if it is taken in view of the aggravation of the hydrological characteristics in the region. Climate change, increasingly intense periods of flooding and receding waters schemes, increased sediment supply due to upstream occupation (upriver toward the springs), could further reduce the commercial power generation time. This project, if implemented, may anachronistic become, in less than fifty years ago, a young man in the midst of a fossil desert induced in the heart of the Amazon.
In rio Teles Pires bus is provided for the construction of three locks which, according to environmental studies, would allow a waterway in the stretch that runs from the city of Sinop to the mouth of the Teles Pires in the Tapajós River. Then, the “obstacles” in the stretch of rapids formed natural Seven Falls, immediately downstream of the dam of Teles Pires, would have to be removed, something that is not explained in the EIA.
The only possible way to facilitate navigation on the encaichoeirado stretch of Seven Falls would be, of course, create another plant with a reservoir to allow submerged and transpose the “obstacles” that would reach the Teles Pires and would justify the construction of the three planned locks. This project is, subtly, being licensed by Ibama, but without any fanfare: is the São Manoel, whose dam would be about 40 km downstream (downstream) of the dam of UHE Teles Pires.
The plan to implement the transport corridor represented by the project of Waterway Tapajos-Teles Pires had to sell the beans produced in the Northern State of Mato Grosso. First, however, you would need to make the passage navigable rapids of the rio Teles Pires River to the mouth of Apiacás, destroying the Islands and the seven Falls.
But those plans don’t stop there. In the same region where is São Manoel planned at the boundary of foz do Apiacás River in the Teles Pires, another power plant, the Foz do Apiacás, is also being licensed. The most surprising is that a single study has been prepared of the indigenous component for the two plants – Are Manoel and Foz do Apiacás -with the justification that they were pretty much together! This information is explicit in the studies of the licensing process of São Manoel, which clears at the same time to the other. For developers of the studies remains sure that plants in sequence – two in rio Teles Pires and another at the mouth of the River of Apiacás -in the same watershed do not deserve separate studies of indigenous component. The National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) said about this arbitrariness?
The dams Are Manoel and Foz do Apiacás are immediately downstream, just on the edge of the border of indigenous land (TI) Kayabi, which was considered in the study as Indirect Influence area (AII). Companies that have prepared the EIA- Tractebel engineering Helm/GDF Suez and Concremat -Teles Pires took the initiative to consider the impacts arising from the construction of these power stations, in addition to not affect directly the Kayabi, IT would also not two units of conservation – the sport fishing State reserve, Pará and the Crystalline State Park, in Mato Grosso. In addition YOU Kayabi, Munduruku IT, further downstream, would also be affected by the Teles Pires, plants Are Manoel and Foz do Apiacás, as well as 16 major archaeological sites. The municipalities of Jacareacanga (PA), Paranaíta (MT) and Alta Floresta (MT) were considered as Indirect Influence area (AII).
Other important concerns transport vehicles designed for logistics, materials, labour and equipment to this remote place, between the States of Pará and Mato Grosso. Would have to be traversed about a thousand and one hundred kilometers from Cuiaba, of which over 600 through the BR 163, and the rest by inland without any possibility of reasonable access.
One of the environmental studies information that causes a real horror is that 40 000 people would migrate to the region at the peak of construction, the plant only Teles Pires. That quota would represent another word, because the municipality of Alta Floresta (MT) has 37 thousand inhabitants and the lower course of the Teles Pires has 180 thousand inhabitants.
In the municipality of Jacareacanga (PA), 59% are indigenous lands. The rural area that would be affected by the Teles Pires plant has 66 thousand square kilometers, 20 thousand inhabitants, is difficult to access, with native vegetation and is occupied by indigenous lands. The power transmission system of the hydroelectric complex is expected to have about a thousand kilometers and a corridor of 20 kilometers wide.
Companies that drew up the environmental studies of the Teles Pires and hydro Are Manoel, considered also that the proximity between them (wheelbase of approximately 40 miles) would allow the same diagnosis for the socio-economic environment, with the same elements. The EPE is already distributing in the RHYME of Teles Pires and the study of the Indigenous Component of the dams Are Manoel and Foz do Apiacás to mark public hearings. This means that the EPE and Ibama may be working with the strategy to hold public hearings for the three exploitations; but the EIA/RIMA accepted by Ibama, so far, relates only to hydroelectric Teles Pires and not to the other two. The Regional area (AAR) object of studies of the plant comprises 33 Teles Pires municipalities in the State of Mato Grosso, with a group of rural establishments and seating area and two of the largest municipalities in the State of Pará.
For the Federal Government, the construction of this hydroelectric apparatus is required to meet the increased energy consumption in the North due to the installation of new electro-intensive industries linked to mining. This consumption, according to data from the EIA of the project: Teles Pires, would have grown 6.3% to 8.6%.
It is planned for the next 25 years, according to the plan Nacional de Energia (PNE2030), an increase of over 88 thousand MW of hydroelectric generation and only four thousand MW in wind generation. This prediction is based on growth data only for consumption and deficit planned for the Southeast/Northeast/Midwest, Mato Grosso and southern Pará. There it is ask on what criteria that subsidized the internal energy supply planning.
Already past time to begin discussing the fate of all that energy planned for the next 25 years; to claim incentives to develop viable economic scale, really clean, renewable sources such as wind and solar; to require energy efficiency programs as a routine and do away with the losses in the transmission and distribution systems.
The EIA/RIMA of Teles Pires hydroelectric plant was accepted by Ibama and public hearings are just another practice to legitimise the process of environmental licensing of projects in the Amazon. In fact, if you want even is “shove down our throats” of three new dams in the Amazon.
Communities in the region, the indigenous peoples, even without being heard, are already being affected only by the announcement of the possibility of the construction of the projects. Migration is already starting. Over 70 kilometers of hydroelectric reservoir Teles Pires, large estates are situated facing the livestock and grain planting in full Legal Amazon. Is there any relationship between these large landowners and the project? And the issue of gold reserves? Currently 37 mining processes are ongoing in the area directly affected (ADA) by usinaTeles Patil and three mining processes for zinc, required by Votorantim, all of 2009 – it would be a coincidence?