PAC works reveal archaeological treasures

PAC works reveal archaeological treasures

Findings reveal prehistoric civilizations in areas that will be covered by hydroelectric power plants and refineries. In Pará, Rio and Rondonia were found rock paintings and ruins of the city

Agência Estado | 3/3/2013 09:27:36


Photo _ Pamittan with geometrical figure in high relief, one of the two thousand engravings found
in Madeira River flooded area for construction of hydroelectric power plant reservoir .
(Photo: disclosure/Santo Antônio energy/LICO)


The new cycle of the infrastructure works of the federal Government revealed archaeological treasures literally buried for centuries, that wouldn’t be uncovered anytime soon. Analysts from the Institute of National historical and artistic heritage (Iphan) manage hundreds of archaeological sites and artifacts during the licensing of developments of the growth acceleration program (PAC). Some of the findings suggest the prehistoric civilizations, in areas that will be covered by reservoirs of hydroelectric plants, cut by highways, buried by railroads or nearby refineries.

In the area of the Belo Monte hydroelectric power plant (PA), there is record of stone inscriptions. In Santo Antônio (RO), which raises a 3.15 thousand megawatt plant at a cost of $ 15 billion, there are sites with archeological artifacts up to 4 meters under the ground. In Jirau (RO), cave paintings have been found in rocks and ceramics.

In the Rio de Janeiro Petrochemical Complex (Comperj), one of the largest enterprises of the PAC at a cost of $ 23.5 billion, was identified a small town, which remains visible only the ruins of the facade of a convent. The locale was fully mapped and then buried again, in line with the best international practices for the preservation of sites: keep them under the Earth, until there is money for a maintenance project and appropriate study.

There are also cases of barbeiragem of companies. Some of them, State, as the San Francisco hydroelectric Company (Chesf). During the works of the Luz para Todos program in Piaui, the installation of a pole caused a hole in the ground of an archaeological site-and a difficult measurement.

After licensing, Iphan has difficulties to monitor the works and supervising errors like this. Until 2007, there were only seven archaeologists at the Institute. Since then, the number has risen to 38, whit when there is demand of 1.4 thousand search processes per year, the vast majority (95%) related to infrastructure works.

By law, it is incumbent upon the Iphan cultural aspects, analyze in the context of environmental licensing, promoted by the Brazilian Institute of environment (Ibama). In addition to meeting the demands generated by the works of PAC, analysts assess State works. But it was the arrival of large enterprises in the North that brought up occupations which not had news. The information is the newspaper O Estado de s. Paulo.


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