Climatic changes affect Astrological predictions of Amazonian Indians

Climatic changes affect Astrological predictions of Amazonian Indians

 

Agencia EFE  Carlos A. Moreno.

  foto~natalfa.com.br

Rio de Janeiro, 31 mar (EFE).-The predictions that the Indians of the Brazilian Amazon make with the help of the stars to determine the best time to plant or fishing, among other activities, are affected by climate change, according to found a study with different indigenous ethnic groups in Brazil.

‘ Shamans began to complain that his predictions were losing accuracy and, from these questions, we found that some phenomena caused by climate change affected their calculations ‘, explained Efe the German astronomer Afonso, Coordinator of the study.

According to the expert, who is a doctor in astronomy and celestial mechanics by French University Pierre et Marie Curie, the Amazonian Indians still use the ancient astrological knowledge to determine your calendar and schedule, among other things, the best time to plant, harvest, Hunt, fish, and even perform their religious rituals.

Afonso, who built and operates with the help of the Indians-a solar observatory in the Amazon region, explained that the note or not from different constellations, as well as the offset, make the shamans provide moments of rain and drought, flooding rivers, land fertility and procreation.

‘ However, in the tribes with whom we work, the shamans themselves admit that their predictions were not being accurate, since the rains if anticipated or if hampered and rivers go dry before the allotted time. The curious thing is that they themselves blamed climate change ‘, said astronomer, who is a professor at the University of the State of Paraná and author of various books on the subject, as ‘ the Heaven of Tembé Indians ‘.

The team coordinated by Afonso and hired by the Foundation for research support in the State of Amazonas (Fapeam) to study the subject decided to contrast the indigenous knowledge of different ethnicities-Tukano, Tupé, Bandit, Baré, Tuyuka, Baniwa and Tikuna-with weather measurements in the region to try to identify the shortcomings in the forecast.

‘ With this review we realize that some phenomena caused by climate change were distorting the predictions, as rain delayed or anticipated by phenomena such as El Niño and the deforestation ‘, pointed out the expert, that he lived in São Gabriel da Cachoeira, a city in the Amazon which flow several ethnicities and where he built the Solar Observatory.

Afonso explained that this problem cannot be assigned directly to global warming, but also to phenomena that cause the greenhouse effect and those which are caused by the same, as the Amazon deforestation, environmental pollution and the construction of dams in the forest.

Such phenomena, according to experts, change the periods of rain and flooding of the rivers in the Amazon, which can no longer be predicted from astronomical knowledge accumulated for centuries and transmitted orally among the Indians.

After the discovery of the problem, the researchers responsible for the study began a project to transmit to shamans some scientific knowledge and thus help them fix their forecasts.

‘ We are using modern astronomical calculations and information gathered by weather stations in the region to help them refine their calculations ‘, explained Afonso.

‘ Retrieve the astrological knowledge they convey orally and compared with scientific data to make some adjustments and allow more accurate forecasts ‘, completed.

According to Afonso, with more accurate forecasts, the Indians will be relying on their ability to interpret the stars and the accuracy of their knowledge-the best, not shun their culture.

‘ But only transmit data that can help them. We introduce more. We do not want to invade, delegitimize and not change anything of their culture. The project has two clear objectives: retrieve the Indian astrological knowledge and help them improve their forecasts. It is an Exchange, exalted the researcher.

According to astronomer, this Exchange was well-received due to the fact that most of its employees in the project are students and the indigenous, some children or grandchildren of chiefs and shamans of the tribes where they were born.

EFE

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