Secretary dismisses police investigators and input on indigenous land in Pará
Alex Rodrigues Agency Brazil, in Brasília
The National Secretary for Social Articulation of the Presidency of the Republic, Paulo Maldos, assured the Agency that the Brazil group of researchers and officers responsible for preparing studies on the water potential of the rio Tapajós to the eventual construction of hydroelectric plants in the region will not join the Indian territory.
“No police or researcher will go into indigenous area,” said the Secretary, ensuring that research are concentrated within 400 km of the boundaries of the Munduruku Indian land, located in the region known as Alto Tapajós and demarcated in 2001. “What’s in the area under study is a community [indigenous]. Historically, the entire region is occupied by indigenous peoples, but there is no demarcated area beyond which lies in the upper Tapajós [in Southwest Pará, on the border with the Amazon], distant study sites. “
According to the Secretary, the research-which began ten days ago, with judicial authorization-will serve “input for the impact assessment process [environmental, social and economical] and feasibility of future water exploitation projects”.
This week, the MPF (Federal prosecutors) in Pará returned to resort to justice to try to suspend the Tapajós River basin studies, in Pará, in the service of Eletrobrás. The feature was presented last Wednesday (3) to the Federal Court in Santarém, but should be judged by the TRF1 (Federal Regional Court of the 1st region), in Brasilia. The MPF has already had similar feature to the Federal Court in Santarém, which denied the first request on March 27.
In a statement, the Ministry of mines and energy had already asserted that the biologists, technicians, assistants and non-organic police will join in indigenous lands or areas occupied by riverside communities. “The planning of the field studies was presented to leaders in the region. An agreement of coexistence has been defined so that the work does not impede movement of communities nor its hunting and fishing activities, “said the Ministry.
The Secretary Paulo Maldos asserts that there are indigenous leaders who agree to listen to the representatives of the federal Government regarding the need to take advantage of the water potential of the Tapajós River and its tributaries, with the consequences of the construction of power plants and the measures to be adopted to minimize the impacts. He cited the indigenous organization Pussuru among these leaders.
The President of the Association, Munduruku, confirms the Candide in dialogue with the Government, but criticizes the intention to build hydroelectric plants. “We talk. We want to, Yes, listening to the Government, but we do not accept the construction of these plants. If survived on fishing, hunting and farming, how are we going to live if building these hydroelectric dams in the region? “he asked, adding that in the next days 8 and 9, indigenous leaders should meet in Jacareacanga (PA) to discuss the issue and plan demonstrations against the project. “The Government is in total disregard for the rights of indigenous peoples. If he wants to search, it first has to hear our chiefs, “said Candido, ensuring that, in recent days, police have been seen in areas near the village Sawré Maybu.
Social organizations as the Cimi (Indigenous Missionary Council) and the Xingu Vivo Movement Forever claim that, according to the Federal Police, Indians and men National force that landed in Itaituba (PA), halfway between the Munduruku Indian land and the city of Santarém in Pará, have searched, photographed and interrogated residents of Sawré Maybu.
In addition, Indians, indigenous organizations and even the Federal Public Ministry in para (MPF-PA) claim fear that the police presence in the region escalate the tension resulting from the death of Munduruku, one of the leaders of the Village Teles Pires, killed in November 2012, during operation Eldorado, Federal Police. In February, a munduruku Entourage was in Brasilia charging authorities, as Ministers of the General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic, Gilberto Carvalho, and justice, Jose Eduardo Cardozo, punishment to federal delegate appointed as responsible for the death of Munduruku.
“Back to the area with a police apparatus so great in a period of time so small is worrying in the light of that tension,” said on Thursday (4) Brazil to the Agency, the State Prosecutor Ubiratan Cazetta, when talking about the new feature that the MPF has submitted to Federal Court to try to halt the completion of the studies until the Indians be consulted on the project.
The Secretary Maldos does not believe in confrontation. “I understand the position of the MPF, but don’t believe in risk of imminent conflict and we are building the dialogue,” he added, revealing that plans to travel to Jacareacanga (PA), in the next 10 days, with the goal to meet with indigenous leaders and discuss the subject.