The Xavante villages in Mato Grosso were in celebration, on Sunday, after receiving back the indigenous land (TI) Marãiwatsédé, in the North of the State. The Act took place in Boa Vista, the 1,064 km of Cuiaba, last Friday. The land had been vacated entirely in January this year, after police use of force by the Federal Court, which recognized the right of possession to the Indians, and not about six thousand squatters occupying the area unlawfully. The region was the scene of riots for over 20 years.
According to the 2010 Census, about 1.8 million Indians living on site. It measures 165 thousand hectares – each hectare corresponds to 10 thousand square meters, the equivalent of a football field. The total area comprises part of the territories of the towns of Alto Boa Vista, Bom Jesus do Araguaia and São Félix do Araguaia. To ensure the safety of Indians at the time of the occupation and prevent the return of rural producers, the Ministry of Justice authorized the permanence of the National Security Force in place for 120 days. According to Funai, the Xavante people in the Marãiwatsédé area since the 1960. At this time, the Agriculture Johan Missu settled in the region. In 1967, the Indians were transferred to the Indigenous San Marco, in the southern region of Mato Grosso, and remained there for about 40 years.
During the environmental Conference held in early 1990 in Rio de Janeiro, Eco 92, the Agip announced, under pressure, which would return the Xavante Marãiwatséde. Of the 165 thousand hectares approved and registered by the Union, only 20 thousand are occupied by indigenous people. The land was approved by the Executive in 1998 and even with the recognition, indigenous peoples suffer great pressure from landowners and local political power to that Marãiwatsédé remains in the hands of the farmers.

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