PEC 215 advances in Congress

 An eye on protected areas

Instituto Socioambiental

PEC 215 advances in Congress

Posted by Blog Team on Fri, 4/12/2013-15:21

On the eve of the commemoration of the day of the Indian, the President of the Chamber of Deputies Henrique Eduardo Alves (PMDB-RN) created yesterday (11/4) a Special Commission to discuss the PEC 215/2000, whose goal is to assign exclusive jurisdiction to the National Congress for the demarcation of indigenous lands, including the ratification of the land already approved.

The allocation of the Special Committee is the examination as to the allowability of the project Mr Almir Sá (PPB-RR) and apensadas proposals to it. The Commission shall evaluate all propositions 11, all with the goal to review the powers of the Union as regards the power to demarcate indigenous lands, but also about the assignments in the recognition of quilombolas territories and the creation of Federal Units.

For the Indian and indigenous movements, the PEC-reviewing the prerogative of the Executive for the creation, approval and demarcation of indigenous areas, Maroons and environmental preservation-puts at risk the physical integrity of these communities. The approval of the project will mean a big step backwards, both in the process of regularization of protected areas, such as security of land rights of indigenous peoples.

The creation of the Special Commission took place after the passage of the PEC by the Constitution and Justice Committee of the Chamber, where it was approved even though the content of its constitutionality questioned.

Constitutionality to the test In technical note, the Association Judges for democracy (AJD) recalls that the requirement of authorization or ratification of the demarcation of indigenous lands by the National Congress, in addition to contradict the principle of the separation of powers, inscribe in article 2 of the Federal Constitution, violates Convention No. 169 on indigenous and tribal peoples in independent countries of the International Labour Organisation (ILO, 1989), of which Brazil is a signatory.



In accordance with paragraph 2 of art. 202 of the internal regulations,
the Presidency decides to create a Special Commission aimed at
enjoy and give opinion on the proposal for amendment to
No. 215-the Constitution of 2000, Mr. Almir Sá, which “adds
the 18TH item art. 49; modifies the § 4 and § 8 adds both
in art. 231, of the Federal Constitution “(includes among the powers
unique to the National Congress to approve demarcation of
lands traditionally occupied by the Indians and the ratification of
demarcations already approved; establishing the criteria and
demarcation procedures shall be regulated by law).
The Commission will be composed of 20 (twenty) members
holders and an equal number of alternates, more a holder and a
alternate between the caster not countertops
covered, designated in accordance with §§ 1 and 2 of art. 33
of the internal regulations.
Brasilia, April 11, 2013.
President of the Chamber of Deputies



Documents | Indigenous Peoples

Technical note of the AJD on the PEC No. 215/2000


The AJD sent to all Federal members a technical note on the PEC No 215, which, if passed, will cause undeniable violation of human rights of indigenous peoples, because the land originally occupied by these peoples, which, according to the CF, should be identified and limited by the Executive branch only, without the possibility of any Legislative intervention, are indispensable to the preservation of environmental resources necessary for their well-being and to their physical and cultural reproductionAccording to their usages, customs and traditions.


TECHNICAL NOTE on the PEC No. 215/2000

The JUDGES for democracy ASSOCIATION-AJD, non-governmental and non-profit organization, which aims to work for the Empire of the eigenvalues of the democratic State of law and the defence of the rights of minorities, with a view to social emancipation of disadvantaged, considering the serious consequences resulting from terms of PEC 215/2000 pending in the House of representatives, hereby presents this technical note, contrary to approval, in its entirety, on the following grounds:

            Demarcate, protect and enforce the rights originating in the Indians on the land they traditionally occupy are unconditional obligations of the public authorities, by express determination of the Federal Constitution, the content of the provisions in article 231, which expressly recognizes the rights to social organization, customs, languages, beliefs and traditions of the Indians and, consequently, their status as human beings.

The lands traditionally occupied by indigenous peoples are also by constitutional provision essential to the preservation of environmental resources necessary for the welfare of Indians and their physical and cultural reproduction, according to their usages, customs and traditions.

The lands traditionally occupied by indigenous peoples, which have rights originate, are assets of the Union, the content of article 20, XI of the Federal Constitution, not goods of the States of the Federation, which is why fallacious justificationto PEC 215/2000 that the demarcation of such lands, without any consultation or consideration to the interests and concrete situations of the Member States, mind in real federal interventionwithout congressional authorization.

With the Indians, because rights originating on land that traditionally occupy, which are part of the patrimony of the Union, by constitutional provision, not by a decision of the National Congress, the requirement of authorization or ratification of the demarcation of indigenous lands by National viola Congress in the face of the principle of separation of powers, inscribe in article 2 of the Federal Constitution, in verbis: “Are the powers of the Unionindependent and harmonic, with each other, the legislature, the Executive and the judiciary “.

            Not only that, the demarcation of indigenous lands matters, Furthermore, exclusivamene in the work of IDENTIFICATION and LIMITATION of the lands traditionally occupied, incumbency this eminently technical order, which observed demand deep anthropological studies carried out, as well as supplementary studies ethno-historical nature, sociological, legal, environmental, cartographic and land survey required for demarcation, technical-administrative tasks inherent to the constitutional functions of the Executive power.

Fundamental premise to the conclusion of unconstitutionality of the PEC unremovable 215/2000, is that indigenous lands are not “created” through the demarcation, they are just “identified and delimited”, by nature eminently administrative process so that those rights, which originate, as well as previous and constitutionally recognized, be assured.

It is to be noted that no Member States shall of the Federation, or the Municipalities, nor any other interested, participation in administrative procedures of demarcation of indigenous lands, the content of art. 2, § 8 of Federal Decree No. 1775/96.

On the other hand, conditioning the exercise of inherent Executive power allocation to international validation of the National Congress sets up true usurpation of power, in front to breach the separation of powers, eternity clause the content of article 60, paragraph 4, Inc. III of the Federal Constitution of 1988.

The PEC 215/2000, if approved, mind very serious setbacks, vulnerabilizando fundamental rights of Indian, while human beings, whose dignity must be preserved, respected his cosmology, not forgetting the fundamental rights also bear constitutional shield, because they are immutable clauses the plateau elevations, the content of article 60, paragraph 4, Inc. IV of CF/88.

The PEC 215/2000, if approved, mind, yet, in violation of current international documents on the protection of the Indians and their lands, namely: the Convention No. 169 on indigenous and tribal peoples in independent countries of the International Labour Organisation (ILO, 1989), ratified by Brazil through Decree No. 143 of July 25, 2002; the Declaration of the United Nations Organizations about the rights of indigenous peoples (UN, 2007); and the Convention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions , ratified by Decree No. 485, December 19, 2006.

The right to not reverse this ensured in international regulations, non-compliance with regulations in force and violence, induvidosamente, generates the PEC would only have the effect of generating more violence and conflicts.   

José Henrique Rodrigues Torres

President of the Executive Council of the Judges for democracy Association








215, DE 2000






215, DE 2000

(Do Sr. Almir Sá e outros)

Acrescenta o inciso XVIII ao art. 49;

modifica o


§ 42 e acrescenta o § 82 ambos

no Art. 231, da Constituição Federal.



à Proposta de Emenda à

Constituição nº 153, de 1995)

As Mesas da Câmara dos Deputados e do Senado

Federal, nos termos do art. 60 da Constituição Federal,

promulgam a seguinte emenda ao texto constitucional:

Art. 1º Acrescente-se ao art. 49 um inciso após

o inciso XV, renumerando-se os demais:

Art. 49.


É da competência exclusiva do

Congresso Nacional:




XVIII – aprovar a demarcação das terras

tradicionalmente ocupadas pelos índios

e ratificar as demarcações já homologadas;

Art. 2º O


§ 4º do art. 231 passa a vigorar com a

seguinte redação:

Art. 231 (…)



4º As terras de que trata este”artigo,

após a respectiva demarcação aprovada ou

ratificada pelo Congresso Nacional, são inalienáveis

e indisponíveis, e os direitos sobre

elas, imprescritíveis.



8º Os critérios e procedimentos de

demarcação das Áreas Indígenas deverão

ser regulamentados por lei.


No sistema de mútuo controle entre os Poderes

dà:República, adotado pela Constituição Brasileira,

bUsca-se o necessário equilíbrio para evitar que

no desempenho desmedido das respectivas competências

se criem entraves na área de atribuição de

outro Poder


OU de outra esfera de Poder. Assim, por

exemplo, pode o Congresso sustar ato normativo do

Executivo, sempre que este exorbite o poder regulamentar

ou os limites da delegação legislativa; por

sua vez, o Executivo dispõe do poder de edição de

medidas provisórias, antecipando-se a, ou determinando,

a iniciativa legislativa do Congresso.

No caso da demarcação das terras tradicionalmente

ocupadas pelos índios, verifica-se que

implementada a atribuição pela União Federal no

caso, por meio do Poder Executivo – sem nenhuma

consulta ou consideração aos interesses e situações

concretas dos estados-membros, tem

criado insuperáveis obstáculos aos entes da Federação.

No fim e ao cabo, a demarcação das terras

indígenas consubstancia-se em verdadeira intervenção

em território estadual, com a diferença

fundamental de que, neste caso e ao contrário da

intervenção prevista no inciso IV do art. 49, nenhum

mecanismo há para controlá-Ia, ou seja, a

falta de critérios estabelecidos em lei torna a demarcação


Por isso, e valendo-se do próprio precedente

constitucional, que exige a aprovação congressuai

para a intervenção federal, é que se propõe a

presente emenda


à Constituição, para que o Congresso,

em conjunto com as partes interessadas

na demarcação, passem a aprovar a demarcação

das terras indígenas. É mantida a atribuição da

União Federal e, assim, preservada a separação

entre os Poderes, ao mesmo tempo em que se estabelece

um mecanismo de co-validação ao desempenho

concreto daquela competência.

Coerentemente, prevê-se que o Congresso ratifique

as demarcações já homologadas.

Ao contrário do que a alguns possa parecer,

com tal providência outorga-se um inédito nível de

segurança jurídica às demarcações das terras indígenas,

na medida em que, tendo-se pronunciado

sobre elas o Poder que representa o povo e as unidades

federativas, ficarão absolutamente isentas de

qualquer questionamento.

Por tais razões, a que se espera o acréscimo

das demais que inspirem os nobres pares, solicita-

se a aprovação desta proposta.

Sala de Sessões, 28 de


março de 2000. – Deputado






Quarta-feira 19 DIÁRIO DA CÂMARA DOS DEPUTADOS Abril de 2000

SGM – SECAP (7503)

30/03/00 13:22:44

Conferência de As§inaturas



Página: 001 ‘











Tipo da Proposição:

Autor da Proposição:

Data de Apresentação:

Ementa: Acrescenta-se o inciso


xvm ao art. 49; modifica-se o § 4° e

acrescenta o


§ 8° ambos no art. 231. da Constituição Federal.

Possui Assinaturas Suficientes: SIM

Totais de Assinaturas: 

Confirmadas 232

Não Conferem 018

Assinaturas ~listed





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