Indigenous April: “it’s time we prioritize the fight for land”
Indigenous April: “it’s time we prioritize the fight for land”
About 500 people from all over the country come to Brasilia to demand the demarcation of land and resist “ruralist” attacks against the rights of communities
of Luziânia (Goiás)
Willing to face what they consider one of the worst situations of land rights pós-Constituição attack of 1988, indigenous peoples from all over the country began on Monday, 15 April, 2013 Indigenous, which follows by Friday, 19, Indian day. On Tuesday, 16, about 500 Indians will be in audience with the parliamentary front for the defence of indigenous peoples, from the 10:30, in the House of representatives.
Leaders, chiefs, shamans, teachers and teachers from communities along highways, challenged villages by agribusiness, resumed waiting for demarcation, want more than discuss problems, but claim the right to them, group policy agenda usurped by landowners, miners, loggers.
“We often deceived by Cabinet conversations. We cannot let that happen, because if we stop to see what the federal Government is doing is as bad as what the farmers, agrarian elite, are with us, “says Ninawá Huni Kui (AC).
The Indigenous April this year happens on a countertop ruralista offensive period in Congress and around the country, in addition to measures of exception of the Presidential Palace. Proposed constitutional amendments for the law from the Earth, in the legislature, and the Decree of the national use of force against communities that oppose the construction of large enterprises, the Executive, the hegemonizam discussions and mobilizations of the indigenous. Without that celebrate a week aimed at them, people want to show the country that resist and are alive, in addition to the Museum and folklore.
“Of our recent national meetings, in which we draw up letters to the authorities, nothing has improved, nothing moved. I think even worsened. We are mourning our dead. It is time for real we prioritize the struggle for land. Without it, are not nothing. Wages here and there does not replace, just divides. In the war we have to laugh, don’t cry. Now no more guerreamos among us, we know who are our enemies “, emphasizes Football Chief Tupinambá, Baker saw (BA).
According to the agenda set by the Indian and indigenous movements, the week will be divided into discussions in Vicente Cañas, training centre in Luziânia (Goiás), and on the Esplanade of the ministries, in Brasilia (DF), where they go from Tuesday, 16, in activities by the Parliamentary defence Fronts of indigenous peoples and Human rights and minorities, the latter created in protest against the election of pastor Marco Feliciano (PSC/SP) to the Presidency of the Commission, among other activities.
“We lost the margins dialog box with the latest episodes in the Congress and in the Government. The PL of the CNPI (which creates the Council within the framework of what is now the National Commission on Indigenous Policy) is about to suffer a blow, not to mention the PEC 215. The situation is delicate, “says the Member of the CNPI, cacique Marcos Xukuru (PE). The indigenous peoples of the Northeast suffering with large enterprises, if the transposition of the São Francisco River, drought aggravated by the concentration of land and the lack of demarcation of land, if the Xukuru-Kariri, Alagoas, which have been taken up in areas claimed for decades. In Bahia, the Tupinambá follow constantly taken over areas declared as indigenous, generating conflict and violence.
“Indigenous peoples are about to lead a coup, a coup of State. We need to think a joint strategy. The discussions are the same always. Are delaying work groups, leaving to do the demarcation process. Then the Government decrees the PNGATI (National Environmental Management Policy in indigenous lands), but ripping our territories with ventures, PECs. We cannot accept this and we should go to the fight, “says Marcelo vice-cacique Between the Pankararu Saws, do sertão of Pernambuco.
Guarani delegations of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná and Mato Grosso do Sul bring reports of lives off the land, along roads, and in areas resumed in the middle of soy, sugar cane farms and pasture. During the month of March, the Guarani Kaiowá Denílson young was killed by farmer. The Indians retook the area, declared as indigenous, and last week the Justice repossession granted to the farmer, confess the killer. Last Friday, a PM reformed invaded a tekoha-where is-and struck six firearm shots, hitting one in the head. To defend itself, the community the disarmed and kept secure until the arrival of the police. Taken to the hospital, the PM could not resist and died on the way of medical care. The clock was struck by Indian medicated and arrested, charged for the murder.
“Every death is always bad, but the natives defended. He (PM reformed) invaded the village and also had a history of aggression against indigenous peoples. All this, however, is the result of incomplete demarcation of the land and of non-removal of non-native occupants of the indigenous land, “punctuates the Coordinator of Regional Cimi Mato Grosso do Sul, Flávio Vicente Machado. “Our territories must be free. The violence is not our own, because it is not the people who want to take away anyone’s rights. Just want our cacique Babau “, he adds.
However, in addition to the legal and social insecurity left by lack of add-on in the demarcation process, other topics involve indigenous peoples. One of them is the gatehouse 303, of the Attorney General of the Union (AGU). In it the ‘ guides ‘ that the constraints of the indigenous land Raposa Serra should extend to the whole country. “The conditioning of those questioned AGU Raposa Serra do Sol and last year lowered the 303 Ordinance saying that they extend to the whole country, not those such conditions have been assessed by the Supreme Court,” said the Executive Secretary of the Cimi, Cleber Buzatto.
Criticisms were also made to ten years of EN and allies ahead of the Presidential Palace. “Lula ate baked fish with us. He said what it would do for us, it was beautiful. Lula if elected and relatives crossed his arms, believing in a victory for the people. The result is there: Allied (Lula) with the capetas and nothing happened good for us. Then need to end up with arms folded, as they are opening the door of the House of the people for hydroelectric plants, mining companies, farmers, “Justine There-UH Pataxó analyzes-whales. There is exactly one year, the Pataxó Are-UH-whales recovered all of the indigenous land Caramuru-Catarina Paraguaçu, in the extreme south of Bahia, expelling all invaders, large landowners and cattle monoculture.
Demarcations of land and PEC 215
During the Government of Dilma Rousseff, only ten were demarcated indigenous lands in Brazil, all in the North – seven in Amazonas, Pará and one in two in Acre, i.e. areas that today do not involve more encarniçados conflicts between landowners and indigenous communities invaders. The data are from the indigenous missionary Council (Cimi), on the basis of the publications of the Ministry of Justice in the Diário Oficial da União. Once 335 lands are in some phase of the demarcation procedure, in dozens of ten, with 20 years to complete, the case of the indigenous land of horses (SC), and other claimed 348, the recent amount of demarcations is underwhelming by indigenous peoples and the Federal Public Ministry (MPF). To top it off, the PEC 215 comes with great force.
Adopted by the Committee on Constitution and justice of the Chamber, under intense protests from indigenous communities, the PEC had 215 Commission formed by decision of Congressman Henry Adams (PMDB/RN), speaker of the House and elected with a commitment to forward the PEC to 215 vote. The proposal aims to transfer rural countertop Executive to the legislature the demarcation process and approval of indigenous lands, Maroons and the creation of environmentally protected areas. With the highest bench in the National Congress, controlling the camera, “ruralist” .25 would have direct influence on the boundary decisions, taking into account the own interests.