Document that registers extermination of Indians is rescued after decades disappeared

The documented destruction

Document that registers extermination of Indians is rescued after decades disappeared

Report of over 7 thousand pages that report massacres and torture of the Indians in the interior of the country, given as burned in a fire, is found intact 45 years later

Felipe Canêdo

Publication: 4/19/2013 06:00 Update: 4/19/2013 08:35

A expedição percorreu mais de 16 mil quilômetros e visitou mais de 130 postos indígenas onde foram constatados inúmeros crimes e violações aos direitos humanos. O governo ignorou pedido do Relatório Figueiredo para demitir 33 agentes públicos e suspender 17 (Marcelo Zelic/ Divulgação)

The expedition traveled more than 16 thousand miles and visited more than 130 indigenous stations where they were found numerous crimes and human rights violations. The Government ignored the request of Figueiredo Report to dismiss public officials and suspend 33 17


After 45 years, one of the most important documents produced by the Brazilian State in the last century, the report found that killings, whole tribes, torture and all manner of cruelties practised against indigenous peoples in the country – especially by landowners and officials of the defunct Indian protection service (SPI) – resurfaces almost intact. Supposedly eliminated in a fire at the Ministry of agriculture, he was found recently in the Indian Museum, in Rio, with more than 7 thousand pages preserved and containing 29 of 30 original tomes.
In one of the many brutal passages of text, to which the State had access and publishes on the date on which commemorates the Indian day, an instrument of torture appointed as the most common at the SPI at the time, called “trunk”, is described as follows: “consisted of grinding the ankles of victims, placed between two stakes buried together at an acute angle. The ends connected by pulleys, were slow and continually approximated “.

Among reports of human hunting promoted with machine guns and Dynamites tossed from airplanes, also of smallpox inoculations in isolated hamlets and donations of sugar mixed with strychnine, the text drawn up by then-Prosecutor Monica de Figueiredo Belt resurrects countless ghosts and can become an asset to the Truth Commission, which clears human rights violations committed between 1946 and 1988.
The research, made in 1967, during the dictatorship, at the request of the then Minister of the Interior, Daniel Lima, based on parliamentary committees of inquiry of 1962 and 1963 and later denunciations of Deputies, was the result of an expedition that traveled more than 16 thousand kilometers, interviewed dozens of agents of SPI and visited more than 130 indigenous stations. Jader de Figueiredo and his team found several crimes, proposed the investigation of many more that have been reported by the Indians, met with cruelty and bestiality of public agents. In the end, however, Brazil was deprived of the possibility to do justice in the following years. Daniel Lima came to recommend the dismissal of 33 people of the SPI and the suspension of 17, but later many of them were exonerated by the Justice.
The only records of the report available today were present in reports published at the time of its completion, when there was a news conference at the Ministry of the Interior, in March 1968, to detail what had been established by Jim and his team. The interview had international repercussions, deserving publication in newspapers such as the New York Times. However, later in the interview, which occurred was not the continuation of the investigation, but the exoneration of employees who had participated in the work. Who has not been fired was traded, in an attempt to hide the happened. On 13 December of the same year the military Government lowered the Institutional Act No. 5, restricting civil liberties and making more rigid authoritarian regime.
The Vice President of the Group Torture Never more than Sao Paulo and coordinator of the Memory Warehouse Project, Marcelo Zelic, was the one who discovered the contents of the document to then saved between 50 boxes of paperwork in Rio de Janeiro. He states that the report Forbes had already become a cause for concern for sectors that are possibly involved in the complaints of the season before being found. “Already there are people who are trying to debunk the report, I think by a strong fear of it appears, people are criticizing the document without having read”, accuses.

The developmental context of time and momentum for a modern Brazil were obstacles in the villages. The document reports that Indians were treated as animals and without the slightest compassion. “It is amazing that there is in the administrative structure of the country breakdown that downgraded the as low standards of decency. And that there are civil servants whose bestiality has reached such refinements of perversity. Sold themselves helpless children to serve the instincts of people inhuman. Torture against children and adults in torture “and slow, monstrous regretted Figueiredo. In other words, the hard-hitting report cites swathes in Maranhão, in which “farmers settled a whole nation”. A CPI was established in 1968, but the country has ever judged the executioners that cost whole tribes and ancient cultures.



2 thoughts on “Document that registers extermination of Indians is rescued after decades disappeared

  1. Pingback: Document that registers extermination of Indians … – Indigenous Brazil | Veja, Brasil

  2. Pingback: Document that registers extermination of Indians … – Indigenous Brazil « Veja, Brasil

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