The legacy of Indigenous April 2013
Thursday, May 2, 2013
The legacy of Indigenous April 2013
“The indigenous movement made it clear that he knows exactly who controls the issue of decrees and ordinances. If Dilma went out the back door, 15 minutes before the Indians reached the plateau, will not flee permanently from dialogue with these people, the story does not forgive. The indigenous movement managed to make. Was the press, caught the attention of society, established position against their persecutors/opponents/detractors “. The comment is Clovis Antonio Brighenti in an article published by the Ccme, 4/30/2013.
Here’s the article.
The 11th edition of the Indian-Land Camp April Encyclopedia, which takes place annually in Brasilia (except on two issues that have occurred outside the Federal Capital, in Campo Grande/MS and Rio de Janeiro/RJ, respectively), marked a significant step of the Brazilian indigenous movement in the maintenance of the rights and the manifestation of the need for indigenous participation in all topics concerning themas determines the Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization (ILO). By excellence of events and for the unity of the movement, this Indigenous April can be considered a singularity in the recent history of the indigenous movement in Brazil. Initially we analyze the participation of indigenous youth in the Act happened in the capital. These were present in large numbers. More than 50% of the participants were young people, many of them University students, with faces and bodies painted, carrying headdress and making use of cell phone and computer. Followed closely the sages, listened, expressed and demonstrated understanding of the issues related to their communities. Non-passivity was the mark of indigenous youth. The Tupinambá, so much bravery in the colonial period, demonstrated why Florestan Fernandes the named people from war; because Hans Staden the feared; because the Portuguese had difficulty mastering its territory; because positive cunning have teamed up with the French in the old Rio de Janeiro to defend their lives. In the National Congress echoed the corner of Indian warriors. At the Presidential Palace, his fervent indignation – requiring the intervention of their leaders to break the thick glass walls that separate the Government of population; glass despite the transparency becomes opaque in the eyes of Dilma Rousseff, who can’t realize the Indians. Of a people considered extinct by historians, ethnologists and demographers, are more alive than ever. Did not lose courage and tenacity. Women, always present and active. Indigenous women are not trained or who need claim by the gender debate to be heard, they are where their communities are. Their seats are safe in all spaces, whether in war or in prays; in Brasilia, there were active, defending, his people and their rights. Mothers with their children and grandchildren neck, which seemed to have fun in the halls of Congress like they were in their villages. The wise leaders of all regions of the country, from the struggles in defense of the people, also said in Brasilia. Astute to realize the street smarts of certain politicians and lucid to guide their relatives, which had nothing of commanded, but rather of willing participants. The Guarani Kaiowáreligious leaders, not tired intone their m baracás and takuapus and invoke for Nhamandu to open doors in Congress, were striking. There is no doubt that the Kaiowá prayers (with an accent) and the peoples of the Brazilian Northeast torés were fundamental to the achievements of the indigenous movement. The paintings and bodily adornments were something apart, by the beauty, grandeur and delicacy of the strokes and outlines. Unique in the faces of the Kadiwéu women, known in the literature as Existence, Warrior people from the banks of the Paraguay river that terrified Spaniards and Portuguese. Skilled horsemen who in times past were fundamental for defending the space to Portugal today struggle to the Brazilian State to recognize their territory and remove the invading landowners. This is just a sample of the diversity, specificities and points of views in the capital in April. More than 700 people, almost 1% of the indigenous population, and close to 100 people there represented. Spoke a single language. No, we do not mean to the Portuguese language, because some do not speak, but the language of unity, protection of lands and rights. Even when the Government, through the ministries of Justice and the environment, tried to get them to a ceremony for the “print view” refused the invitation. Wanted to talk to Her, but barely knew who Rousseff does not know the Indian language; She learned only the “agronegociês”-the language of landlordism, the language of repression, which, incidentally, has suffered in recent times. The firmness and the convergence of beliefs led a whole audience the silence to better hear the speeches, agreeing or disagreeing with the chant of rattles, clapping and hooting, demonstrating that already knew exactly what they wanted and what they wanted, to have gone to the Federal Capital. When the indigenous movement tamper-resistant doors deflorou plenary Chamber said to members and to the dominant powers that their rights are inviolable. Rights that are still in-á-bê bá. The Indians are still committed to achieving the basic right as the ownership, maintenance and control of their lands – these should have been adjusted up to 1993 (art. 67 of the Transitional Constitutional provisions Act). The land need to be settled so that the communities and indigenous peoples to broaden the debate on the rights for other themes, like the territorial management, the political autonomy, the construction of new bases of relations with the State and with other Latin American States, in the case of cross-border peoples. They have also shown to members that the House protected by glass doors are not cocoons to metamorphosis, it largely retrograde proposals; they should be open to the oxygenation of the society. Those doors cannot be parliamentary defense shields, but volatile to the Organization of society. The achievements of the indigenous movement were significant. The main one was the suspension of the processing of the PEC 215 in the House of representatives, even if temporarily. It was something that seemed impossible because the rural bench had already managed the creation of the Commission drawing up of PEC and at least one party had already indicated the members to compose it. The processing of this matter in the National Congress is conditioned to the analysis of a joint Commission set up with indigenous representatives and parliamentarians. This Commission will have to examine not only the PEC 215, but all the themes that are currently in the House of representatives concerning indigenous rights. Among them are: the status of indigenous peoples-paralyzed since 1994; PEC 237, which allows the lease of the land with the indirect ownership of indigenous lands by farmers; 1610 Bill, which provides for mining in indigenous lands; and other topics. So there will be the possibility to do a broad debate about indigenous rights, and no longer split by subjects of interest, it largely. In the Senate there was the same achievement. Already barred at the entrance of the building, the Indians failed to break through the door to at least leave the mold that covers those Lords and ladies that even dialogue with society. A small group of about 50 people was debating with a few senators who still have dignity. But the PEC 38 that gives “to the Senate the power to approve demarcation of indigenous lands processes” and stipulates that “the demarcation of indigenous lands or environmental conservation units comply with the maximum limit of 30% of the area of each State” remains currently in the House, the gallops. At the Presidential Palace were not received by President Dilma; refused to talk to the Minister of the Civil House and/or its ancillary, even when these begged to welcoming them. They said that it wasn’t worth talking to who does not decide anything, with whom he is sent. The actions of these palatial subservient reminded the “babybinbin”, the one leader that soft-soaping the boss and worker’s friend said, the common figure in social movement and trade union leadership in the 70 and 80, viva and escalated in the present day. Ms. Rousseff warned that if she does not know the path of the villages they know the ways of the plateau. The agenda with Dilma was long, as long is the evil of Government against the Indians. Decree 303, initiative of the Attorney General of the Union-AGU-which applies to all indigenous lands of Brazil the 19 conditions proposed by a Minister of the SUPREME COURT in the trial of the Raposa Serra do Sol area. Decree No. 7,957/2013 which creates the Environmental Operations company of the National Public Security Force to allow the use of military force against indigenous people who oppose the great works of PAC, especially the dams. The Interministerial Ordinance 419/2011 that seeks to streamline the licensing of public works by reducing indigenous rights of traditional communities and the environment. The indigenous movement made it clear that he knows exactly who controls the issue of decrees and ordinances. If Dilma went out the back door, 15 minutes before the Indians reached the plateau, will not flee permanently from dialogue with these people, the story does not forgive. The indigenous movement managed to make. Was the press, caught the attention of society, established position against their persecutors/detractors/opponents. Much of Brazilian society might not wait an action so scathing of indigenous peoples. They must have been surprised by the energetic disposition expressed in their attitudes, because nothing that happened was planned in advance. Went to the Federal Capital dialogue. Have not been heard, they had to use force, physical and spiritual, to be heard. Perhaps the greatest achievement of these peoples has been the plurality, awareness about the consequences of PEC, decrees, Laws, Ordinances that affect their rights. Have demonstrated tenacity, ability and determination. Unlike other Camps, free land in the indigenous movement has shown maturity, broke with an “orderly” demonstrations expected to make; They said no, just want to listen to us, its history, and continued in the history. Demonstrated that make use of technologies makes them less and that invade the world of politics is the requirement to be the protagonist of his story, participating in and overseeing all decision-makers about their rights. Back in law ever again, a Constitution so young needs to mature and move forward, never backward.