Indians stop construction of Belo Monte and require be heard by the Government

Indians stop construction of Belo Monte and require be heard by the Government

Friday, May 3, 2013

Belo Monte
This news is associated with the program: Xingu
Munduruku, Juruna, Kayapó, Xipaya, Kuruaya, Asurini, Parakanã, Arara, fishermen and bordering on Thursday occupied the place where this being built the main dam power house, 50 km from the city of Altamira-PA

At the Central Office of the Belo Monte Dam Site, in Vitória do Xingu, dozens of networks, by lawn and more than 100 Indians painted for war: this is the picture today of the construction site that works 12:0 am. The site is busy since yesterday by Munduruku Indians, Juruna, Kayapo, Xipaya, Kuruaya, Asurini, Parakanã and Arara, besides pescadolres and bordering.

“What we want is simple: you need to regulate the law governing prior consultation of indigenous peoples. Meanwhile you need to stop all the works and studies, “says the letter disclosed yesterday by indigenous people.

Irfana Jair Munduruku Akai says the construction site paralyzed from the main power House of Belo Monte

In addition to asking for the suspension of the Belo Monte hydroelectric works, require the suspension of studies related to dams on the rivers Tapajós and Teles Pires and query is made to the people of the region before deciding on the construction of the complex, which includes five dams to the basin.

The Indians camped there claim the suspension of works and the presence of the federal Government to discuss mainly the right to free, prior and informed consultation, as provided for in Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization (ILO), on administrative decisions that affect them, such as the decision to stop the rivers where they live and of which depend for their livelihood and culture. The right to consultation is guaranteed both by the Federal Constitution, as the Convention 169 of the ILO.

Dependencies of the busy central Office

“We know exactly how we want to be heard and we will stay here [in] until the US Government listen to and respect the law”, says Cândido Munduruku, President of Pussuru indigenous Association.

While the Muduruku claim to the regulation of the right to free, prior and informed consultation, to formalize their position, the articulation of indigenous peoples in Brazil (Apib), refuses to participate in the discussions concerning the rules with the federal Government while the ministerial order n° 303/2012 of the Attorney General of the Union (AGU) has not been revoked.

In November 2012, the federal judge of Santarém has acknowledged the lack of prior consultation with the indigenous peoples affected by power plants planned for the Rio Tapajós and prohibited the granting of environmental licences until the Indians were heard.

“This time the occupation of the building is not to just press the Norte Energia S.A. company, concessionaire of the Belo Monte dam, but also to require respect for indigenous rights by the federal Government, primarily responsible for the Belo Monte HYDROELECTRIC PLANT and by multiple dams planned for the Tapajós River basin,” said Biviany Rojas, a lawyer of the ISA.

Tapajós complex as controversial as Belo Monte

Less than a month ago, in an unprecedented action, the Union sent military troops to ensure the environmental impact studies of plant São Luiz do Tapajós (PA). “My warriors have already suffered a lot, now arrives! Let’s talk and say that in the Tapajos has no dam “, says the Chief Arlindo Kabá the village Mission San Francisco.

The arrival of hundreds of Munduruku, who traveled more than 12:0 am to join the natives in the region of Xingu, Tapajós, Complex signals that the new step of Accelerating growth program (PAC) to exploit the hydroelectric potential of the Amazon will be as controversial as it was and is Belo Monte.

In accordance with the advice of Consórcio Construtor Belo Monte (CCBM), any act of violence or damage to property has been registered so far. Even so, the works were paralyzed for security reasons, both of workers and of the protesters.

The occupation is for an indefinite period or until the federal government representatives meet the claims.

Government does not advance

After receiving international criticism by ignoring the right to free, prior and informed consultation of indigenous peoples and traditional communities, the Federal Government created in January 2012 the Interministerial Working Group (GTI).

In July 2012, against the grain of the regulatory process, the Attorney General of the Union (AGU) published ministerial order n° 303/2012. From it, the deployment of dams and roads can be made regardless of consulting the indigenous peoples affected when these are considered “strategic” enterprises by the Ministry of defence and the National Defence Council.

The Ordinance has not yet been repealed, the federal Government claims to hold the trial in the Supreme Court of embargoes on the constraints of the case of Rapossa Serra do Sol indigenous area, among which is the condition that limits the exercise of the right of consultation of indigenous peoples.

Understand the chronology of events

Jan 2012: -Provisional measure no. 558 reduces six UCs perimeter (conservation Units) in the Tapajós River basin. Only the National Park of the Amazon lost 43 thousand hectares.

-ICMBio technicians responsible for UCs drafted an open letter to the President of denouncing redelimitação process failures.

Out 2012: -The Munduruku extrude researchers of the outskirts of the village Sawre Muybu for having started studies for the EIA/Rima São Luiz do Tapajós plant without permission.

-In a meeting between federal Government, Funai and indigenous, a Funai representative suggested that if the Munduruku not allowed the achievement of impact studies before consultations with indigenous peoples, would start a military operation in the villages.

Nov 2012: -Operation Eldorado: the National Force is sent to the village Teles Pires in order to combat the illegal mining in you. The Munduruku Maryanne is killed by Indian police.

Feb 2013: -The General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic meets with the Munduruku in Brasilia to discuss referrals of operation Eldorado. To realize that the subject would be the dams, Munduruku withdrew from the meeting.

Mar 2013: -Federal Decree lays down the possibility of the National Force follow researchers to ensure the safety of the studies of environmental impacts of activities and enterprises in General. -The Munduruku require federal government presence in the Munduruku between 8 and 10 IT April. -AGU and the Ministry of mines and energy disseminate National force operation to ensure the realization of studies of dams São Luís do Tapajós and Jatoba, just before Holy week. -The Munduruku elaborate document that requires prior consultation and the output of the National Force of indigenous lands. -At the request of the MPF, Federal Court reaffirms the need for consultation, suspends operation and licensing process. The Superior Court of Justice suspended the decision of the FEDERAL COURT of APPEAL at the request of AGU. -Entourage of federal Government refuses to appear at a meeting scheduled with the Munduruku to day April 25, in the village comes out grey and remains in the city of Jacareacanga. -Government announces official site that met with Councillors and representatives of Mundurukus. -In response, the Munduruku leaders draw up letter to Government and civil society in that range the meeting

May 2013: Munduruku-unite with Juruna, Kayapó, Xipaya, Kuruaya, Asurini, Parakanã, Arara, and occupy the construction site of the Belo Monte dam.


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