“Ruralists” press by indigenous lands

 “Ruralists” press by indigenous lands

By Tarsus Veloso and André Borges |

In Brasília the rural bench and entities that represent farmers prepare to occupy the Congress tomorrow, three weeks after the invasion of the plenary of the Chamber of deputies by the Indians in April. With the increasingly tense climate, the bench will charge the back of Ordinance No. 303 of 2012 of the Solicitor-General of the Union (AGU), which authorizes the Government to build roads, dams, power transmission lines and military installations within the demarcated indigenous lands.

The members of the Committee on Agriculture Minister summoned Civil House, Gleisi Hoffmann, to provide clarification on the alleged “rampant” that have been made the identification and demarcation of indigenous lands in Brazil. To try to improve the bad weather with the members, the Government would also be studying the change of Presidency of the National Indian Foundation (Funai). The hypothesis is considered without practical effect by “ruralist” members. Asked about the possibility the President of Funai, Marta Azevedo, Mr Luis Carlos Heinze (PP-RS), replied: “let it roll”. The Congressman said that the rural Exchange in Funai is irrelevant. “This has been done before and nothing has been resolved. We want a new regulation. The 303 was suspended for gateway pressure from Indians and want to come back, “he said.

According to the President of the association representing soybean producers (Aprosoja), Glauber Silveira, state federations of agriculture will send buses with producers to protest the demarcations of Indian lands. These areas, according to Silveira, “already come to 13% of the national territory, while the Indians do not represent 0.5% of the Brazilian population”.

For fullness the manifestation, the “ruralists” prepare several caravans.
The members of the bench were able to swap the Auditorium in which the Agriculture Committee sessions are generally held by another, with a larger area. In addition, will install a large screen for all to attend the hearing. The estimate of participation is 300 people.

The value PRO, real-time service, spoke with the main leaders of the indigenous movements that, in April, have taken over Congress. No demonstrations are planned during the hearing. Next week, ten indigenous leaders gather in Brasilia with a Joint Committee of 10 members to discuss the text of PEC 215, which transfers the responsibility to demarcate indigenous lands of Funai for Congress. Funai has already manifested itself against the measure. The Indians also believe that, if the delimitation of areas over to the Legislative Executive, will create a true Business Desk of lands for agriculture.

The audience in Brasilia occurs at a time when about 150 Indians paralyze one of the largest construction sites of the Belo Monte hydroelectric plant under construction in rio Xingu, Pará. The occupation began on Thursday and has no deadline to end. About 4 thousand employees are stopped. The National Military and Police Force are present in the region since Friday. There is no record of violence or destruction of property.

The Indians, coming from various regions of Pará, ask for the immediate stoppage of studies on new dams planned for the Amazon region, as well as others that are in full swing, with the Belo Monte plant.

The value spoke with indigenous leaders that are present in the Belo Monte dam construction site. They require the presence of high-ranking representatives of the Government, be it Civil or House of the Ministry of mines and energy. There have been dialogues with representatives from Funai and the General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic, but the dialogue has not advanced.

What the Indians apply is virtually unacceptable to the Government: they want to completely paralyze all dams in the Amazon region, including Belo Monte, Teles Pires and feasibility studies of the plants in the Tapajos.

According to information of people who are in the construction of the Belo Monte dam consórcio construtor (CCBM), led by Andrade Gutierrez, is delivering food and water to the protesters.
The Indians were allocated in some of the accommodation. The North Energy Consortium, owner of the enterprise, turned to the Federal Court for repossession of the construction site. Last week, the Court denied the injunction filed by the Consortium.

Over the weekend, three reporters were prevented from conducting journalistic coverage of the occupation and removed by force. Judge Cristina Sandoval Collier, of the 4th civil court of Altamira, answered the request of CCBM, which led to the expulsion of two journalists and the application of penalty in a third.

After the forest code, CNA part to change rules of demarcation by Daniela Chiaretti | São Paulo today is not that the rural speech in Congress calls for the suspension of demarcation of indigenous lands and attacks the Funai. In February, the President of the Confederation of agriculture and livestock of Brazil (CNA), Senator Katia Abreu, met with the Minister for Civil Gleisi Hoffmann House and made the election. To be re-elected President of the entity in 2011 priority said it was “the end of conflicts involving the demarcation of indigenous lands”. On the website of CNA repeat news where she talks “on the legal uncertainty generated by arbitrarily and disastrous that Funai has led the process of demarcation of indigenous lands in the country.

“The” ruralists “want the demarcation of indigenous lands be suspended pending decides whether the conditions laid down in the judgment of 19 indigenous reserve Raposa Serra do Sol in Roraima, in 2009, are for all others. Want the constraints of jurisprudence to serve all Fox-the President of the Supreme Court, Joaquim Barbosa, was the only one to vote in 2009, against such charges. Can be good for the “ruralists”, but sucks for the Indians. Would make it impossible, for example, any extension of indigenous lands. Take the case of the Guarani-kaiowa, in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, a dramatic standoff.

It is the largest indigenous people of Brazil, living in precarious conditions in small reservations in Mato Grosso do Sul. Await their lands since the reward promises made at the end of the war of Paraguay. Were confined to reserves and are surrounded by plantations.
At the end of last year, 170 community Pyelito Kue Indians took refuge in the forests of the Earth that point be your ancestral territory, today a farm, and, in a letter, they said that they wanted to die collectively there. The letter has produced national and international uproar. Funai started the identification process of the Earth by having to field a team of researchers.

Anthropologist Marta Maria Azevedo, President of Funai, specializes in the drama of these Indians. Is a priority of his administration to resolve the impasse and the “ruralists” know it. The problem there is that the agricultural land are also consolidated and, under the Constitution, the farmer is not entitled to indemnification by the Earth, only for improvements.

The administration of President Dilma is not lavish on regularization of indigenous lands, but in 2012 the Xavante people managed to get you Marãiwatsédé.
Began the withdrawal of non-Indians, in-process with the approval of Gilberto Carvalho, Chief Minister of the General Secretariat of the Presidency. It was another blow to the “ruralists”, which now point their guns to Funai.
Yesterday at the Ministry of justice there was no call for change in the Presidency of Funai.

Economic value, 5/7/2013, politics, p. A10.

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