National Commission of truth on the Dictatorship

Saturday, May 11, 2013


The National Commission of truth attempts to disassemble speech that justifies regime


The presence of reserve Colonel Bright Ustra Carlos Alberto before the National Commission of truth left exposed one of the central issues involving the working group created a year ago by President Rousseff: how to set the authoritarian regime imposed militarily the country between 1964 and 1985?

The report is Ratti Ahmadi and published by the newspaper O Estado de s. Paulo, 5/11/2013.

Ustra returned to last century when trying to reincarnate the logic of the cold war, who saw the world divided into two large blocks, the capitalist and Communist, involved in a war for life or death. By that logic, all that he and his colleagues of the repression did was justifiable. It was not, after all, that the Brazil from falling into the hands of the Communists, represented by armed groups.

It was a clash of “freedom fighters” against “terrorists”, says the Colonel, which is in the first group and makes sure to include the name of President Dilma Rousseff in the band of evil.

Disassemble this type of argument is one of the main objectives of the Commission. In the final report, which should be completed in 2014, the Group wishes to make it clear that the existence of a few armed groups was one of the excuses used to enforce all Brazilian society, particularly from 1968, a State of terror that has hit all Brazilians, gagged the press, intimidated the judiciary, penned the universities.

In the broad picture design of the period, the Commission must speak not only of the most emblematic cases of dead and missing: will show how thousands of people have been persecuted, lost jobs, had political rights revoked. Were not isolated acts, violent fortified agents work in organs such as the DOI-Codi, but a result of a State policy.

In this struggle for the truth, the mere presence of Ustra vis-à-vis the Commission is already a defeat for him. After all, to date no army officer had been faced so public and so hard as happened yesterday.


Saturday, May 11, 2013


The National Commission of truth and bring decline. texts of the dictatorship


A new wave of integral texts of National Truth Commission (CNV) Claudio Fonteles was released yesterday and runs through decisive episodes in the rise, rise and fall of the Brazilian military dictatorship.

Of the meeting at which the Marshal Arthur Costa e Silva presents the Ministers and heads of the Armed Forces wish to deploy the Institutional Act No. 5, kind of “coup within the coup”, the texts, based on documents of the time show the paranoia of the regime to control everything around them, the height of military power that sought to crush resistant guerrillas Araguaia region in 1972 and the disjointed decline of that Government, marked by the frustrated attack in Riocentro Pavilion, in 1981.

The report is of Ann Lima, published in the journal Value, 5/10/2013.

Embarrassed by the decision of the Board to deny him a license to process the Deputy Márcio Moreira Alves, which questionara in speech acts of torture impetrados by members of the army, the then President Costa e Silva argued, in a meeting at the Palace of Orange registered in minutes, that the situation had reached the point of me spoiling it with their peers. The answer I wanted to give 20 minutes and offered to Ministers present to consider it-was the AI-5, which suspended the Constitution via a State of siege and closed the National Congress.

That is what Costa e Silva , with special approval of the head of the National Intelligence Service (SNI), Emílio Garrastazu Médici, who later would take the same position. The recorded conversation shows all discussion regarding the legality of the action, with full knowledge that from there if voluntarily pooling elements a dictatorship in the country. The then Minister Antônio Delfim netto said: “I believe that the revolution, very early, got in a straitjacket that prevents to accomplish these goals (…) institutionalizing so early allowed all sorts of disputes “.

From there, the regime advances on all ad-serving information mode, sealing the dissemination of news relating to prisons and political activities against the Government. In the “statement to implement Censorship“, general Kim do Amaral orders: “censorship should be continuous, during the 12:0 am of the day”.

The operations against the guerrillas Araguaia are the height of the repressive power. Even aware of the precarious situation of resistant, which in 1972 was around 60, armed and poorly lacking in ammunition, the army does not spare: 2,453 forces soldiers were sent to the area throughout the year, in what the army defines as “troop training exercise”, to perform, “the title of exercise, cleaning in that area”. For cleaning, read “eliminate terrorists operating in the region,” stated in instruction letter conforms, with secret timbre. “The dead enemies will be buried in the jungle, after identification”.

The disappearances of Edward Collier Son Fernando Santa Cruz and, in 1974, are also objects in a report. Even in the face of the request of the inter-American Commission on human rights so that the Brazilian State to clarify the episode, in 1980, the documents show that the SNI undermining them work at any moment, have no news on the whereabouts of both. However, compares them with other roles Fonteles, also of the acquis of the SNI, which prove that the young were monitored by Cisa, the secret service of Aeronautics, up to a week before the disappearance. The objective of the mission was to eliminate people linked to Jair Ferreira de Sá, leader of Popular Action.

Designed and orchestrated to be presented as terrorist act of opponents of the regime, the bomb attack foiled in Central Rio conventions, in 1981, became a trademark of the decline of the dictatorial regime. The analysed documents found at the home of Colonel Julio Miguel Molinas Days, murdered in Rio Grande do Sul last year, demonstrate the action disaster.

The attack that was perpetrated at Riocentro, during a concert in commemoration of labor day. The “explosive technician” seconded to the mission, Sergeant William Fisher of the Rosary, had no such training, proves Molinas manuscript dated May 1981. “What the course or stage that did? No. Is self-taught, “says, in communication with others. Rosario died during the action, with the bomb exploding in your lap.

The documents that were with Molinas bring detailed annotations about the activities that he, Commander of the DOI-Codi , took on the case, with repeated attempts at manipulation and cover-up. In no time, seek to elucidate the involvement of opponents in action, since it was known that the armed military episode.



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