The Government of Rio Grande do Sul aligns the interests of “ruralist” against the demarcations of Indian lands

Tuesday, May 21, 2013


The Government of Rio Grande do Sul aligns the interests of “ruralist” against the demarcations of Indian lands


“What happens in Rio Grande do Sul is a great demonstration of intolerance and disrespect against Indians and quilombolas. They are not heard and much less received by the authorities to deal with this clash about indigenous rights, Maroons and farmers “. The comment is Roberto Antonio Liebgott, Cimi South team, in an article published by the Ccme website, 5/20/2013.

Here is the article.

A group of farmers held on 14 and 15 may, in Porto Alegre, a demonstration against the demarcation of indigenous lands. Coming from the North of the State of Rio Grande do Sul and articulated by the Federation of workers in family farms of the South-South Fetraf and Federation of Agriculture of the State of Rio Grande do Sul-Farsul, the farmers camped on the evening of day 14, in front of the Piratini Palace, seat of Government and the 16 day occupied the administrative center of the State, where broke doors and glazing.   The Governor Tarso Genro received the representatives of the farmers and has promised to intervene, by the Federal Government, so that the claims were met. It was scheduled for the day may 23, a Governor’s hearing with the Minister of Justice, Jose Eduardo Cardozo, and with the Minister of the Civil, Gleisi Helen Hoffmann. Tarso Genro declared that will expose the situation of farmers affected by land demarcations. And, according to what was reported by the press, would have ensured that prompts action to paralyze the demarcations.   Such a demonstration is embedded within a schedule of events that the CNANational Confederation of agriculture and livestock, along with the parliamentary front of Farming (deputies and Senators bench “ruralist”) is promoting in all States (South, Southeast, Northeast and Midwest) to lobby the Federal Government and parliamentarians in order to:   -suspend the demarcations of land of indigenous and Maroons in areas where, according to her, there is no consensus (IE, all indigenous areas, with the exception, for now, of roadside gullies);   -review of 1,775/1996 decrees and 4,887/2003 (regulating the demarcations of Indian lands and quilombolas);   -suspension of all administrative procedures of land demarcation underway in Rio Grande do Sul; guarantee observance of due legal process and the wide Defense (as if these were not forecast in the decrees and the Federal Constitution);   -review of indigenous law and the Federal Constitution with regard to the demarcation of indigenous lands and Maroons;   -vote and adoption of a PEC 215/2000; ensure legal and anthropological assistance to farmers.   The proposals are one-sided and reflect the desire to impose the will of certain powerful economic segments to the detriment of the rights established in the Constitution and, thus, are proposals that establish the legal uncertainty, once put into question the laws and the institutions responsible for their implementation. The initiatives to disqualify the Funai, indigenous government organ, and anthropologists and other researchers carrying out studies for the identification and delimitation of the lands, are examples of this.   The CNA, to impose its political and economic objectives, establishes a power relationship with the powers that be and encourages, in the regions, land conflicts. Its intention is to impact public opinion and compromise parliamentarians and Governments with its causes “: the grain production, the creation of ox, agribusiness, agribusiness and the concentration of land.   The CNA is not compatible. On the contrary, attempts to impose changes in legislation that imposes restriction on the rights of indigenous people and quilombolas communities, as well as with the change of the forest code. Therefore, their mobilizations are not happening because of the demarcations of land that supposedly were occurring in the country, but to attempt to make it impossible that these will be conducted in the future. Some time ago the Federal Government imposed a moratorium in respect of demarcations of Indian lands, especially in the southern region of the country.   What occurs in the Rio Grande do Sul is a great demonstration of intolerance and disrespect against Indians and quilombolas. They are not heard and much less received by the authorities to deal with this clash about indigenous rights, Maroons and farmers. Even small farmers do not have space for a calm debate about the demarcations of land, there is always the intermediation of Fetraf, Farsul and NAC, organizations that feed the conflict and suffering of the little to defend the folwark and the large production “. They are not interested in small properties and their household production, just use them to inflate the population against indigenous communities and quilombolas.   The Congressman Dionilso Marcon (PT-RS), which has its history of political militancy among the small farmers in the Rio Grande do Sul, said recently in a hearing convened by the Committee on Agriculture “ruralist” of the Chamber of deputies that it is necessary to clarify that there is an armed game by ruralista Workbench to use small farmers and put them against the Maroons and the Indians. According to him, the colonels are hiding and are using small to achieve their goals, which is to take ownership of indigenous lands and quilombolas. He emphasized that, due to the high concentration of land in the hands of a few, the Government needs to make the land property regularization. To demonstrate that there is a great concentration of land in the hands of a few cited the INCRA data that 196 landowners hold 336 thousand hectares.   Small farmers need to take note that the uneven distribution of land is not related to indigenous rights and quilombolas. They need to be informed that 69 thousand unproductive properties are an area of 228.5 million hectares. They need to be told that the 2006 agricultural census, released by the Brazilian Institute of geography and statistics (IBGE), points out that the rural establishments with up to 10 hectares occupy 2.7% of the total area of rural establishments in the country, while the areas occupied by the establishments of more than 1,000 hectares are 43% of the total area of the country.   The Census also reveals that 05 million agricultural establishments occupy 330 million hectares, or the equivalent to 36.75% of the Brazilian territory is 851 million hectares. The protected areas represent 8.47% of the national territory (or 72 million hectares) and indigenous lands occupy 14% of the country (or 125 million hectares). In the case of indigenous lands has to be considered that more than 85% of them are invaded, so indigenous peoples do not have full ownership of their land.   Another aspect of the issues involving small farmers and that is not considered, especially by Fetraf, CNA Farsul, are the flooding of lands caused by hydroelectric stations. Thousands of families are, you oblige to abandon their homes, lots, crops depending on the dams. Never hear representatives and Senators positioning themselves so scathing as opposed to these works. On the contrary, make management so that families are removed from their properties, even though rarely the compensations and/or indemnities will be effectively paid by the Government or by the consortium of companies responsible for the enterprise. There are countless examples to remember: Foz do Chapecó, Machadinho, Jacuí, Balbina, Tucurui, Wood, Santo Antonio, Jirau.   It is important to reaffirm, as did Mr Marcon, that small farmers, deserve to be treated with respect, with fraternal dialogue and not to be used as mass of maneuver for the interests of “ruralist”. Governments, both federal and State, are reckless when, upon receiving the Farsul, CNA and other federations of “ruralist”, promise that will meet their claims restricting indigenous and Quilombola rights. With this kind of positioning instigate violence and Act partially in the interests of a minority, the landowners.


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