Dossier drawn up by the Popular Cup and Olympics Committee denounces human rights violations
Dossier drawn up by the Popular Cup and Olympics Committee denounces human rights violations
Published on May 24, 2013 by HC
Dossier shows what are the main consequences to receive major events and developments.
A total of eleven thousand families are directly involved with the major events that will take place in Rio de Janeiro, one of the venues of the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games host city. No, they are not the ones who were able to buy advance tickets for these two major sporting events in the world, and Yes, are those who have lost or will lose their homes on account of these sports festivities. Released on the last day of May 14, the second Dossier mega events and human rights violations , prepared by Popular World Cup and the Olympics Committee, brings reports of how the improvements in the city to receive these two events are being held and what are the real legacies so far.
Among the works in progress in the city of Rio de Janeiro, are the facilities and sports units, reforms such as Mário Filho Stadium, the maracana, expansion and creation of subway lines, bus lanes and improvements of access roads to the urban area and airports. These improvements, called by local, State and federal Governments, as legacies of the World Cup, are covered in depth by the document. “The impacts of urban interventions are of great proportions, and involve several processes of social exclusion, especially for the removals. To give you an idea, the information available make it possible to estimate expenses to the tune of one billion dollars with expropriations, just for the implementation of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), exemplifies the document.
The dossier is divided into nine chapters in which separates like shelter, mobility, thematic Work, environment, security, Public information and participation, budget and finance, initiatives of the people’s Committee of the World Cup and the Olympics and proposals of the Popular Committee of the World Cup and the Olympics. “The intention is to visualize the hidden legacy, which is of a more individual, more segregated city. And also mobilize the society putting this question under discussion to participate of the processes concerning this. The central issue is that we’re not on just the preparation of Rio de Janeiro for the mega events, what is under way is a project of urban restructuring that will have great impact on the city. Contrary to what is being spoken, bound in haste, to do everything as a matter of urgency, disregarding our legislation to take account of the deadlines required by FIFA and the IOC, tried to punctuate that this city has a depth beyond the events, “explains professor IPPUR/UFRJ and representative of the people’s Committee of the World Cup and Olympics, Orlando Santos Júnior. The chapter of ‘ House ‘ shows how the city was restructured after a transfer of thousands of families, who before lived in areas of interest to the achievement of these major events, to peripheral areas. “It is a policy of relocation of the poor in the service of real estate interests and business opportunities,” says the dossier. A survey developed by the student Lucas Faulhaber in his final work of the school of architecture and urbanism of the Fluminense Federal University (UFF), and introduced in this version of the Dossier, shows how the removals are part of a project of the city. Most of the communities that were removed were the way out of the South and center of Rio de Janeiro to the West, further away from the city centre, at a distance of more than 50 miles. See the graph to the side. Among the affected communities are off the Field, off the tank and Brook Pavuna, affected by the BRT Transcarioca; Village of towers, due to the construction of Madureira; Village Harmony, Pleasure II Village and Village of Adeniyi, due to the construction of BRT Transoeste; occupations on the street of deliverance and Quilombo of Warriors, referring to Port Project Wonder; Peacock-Communities, Vidigal and Indiana, considered risk areas.
Resident Pico Santa Marta, one of the communities victims of removals, Victor Lara says that the approach was performed by dictat. “Presented a report at the behest of a geologist, with arguments without nexus, no field study or in-depth research. There is no record of any natural accident since the 1980, when the peak was revitalized under Brizola. The proposal, which was presented without discussion, was that people were removed to another location that the risk also considers City Hall, the old dump. There would be built 32 m² apartments. Just so we can see that the concern is not with our security, “said the resident.
One of the other justifications for such work performed is the generation of employment. The estimate on the home page of the Rio Maracanã 2014 Consortium-formed by Odebrecht and Andrade Gutierrez construction companies – that have been generated about three thousand direct jobs, as reports the report supplementing that these jobs are great signs of precarious work. “The pressures by FIFA and the IOC, combined with the speech that propagates the country’s inability to deliver on time the necessary infrastructure in order to create games, facilitate and legitimize the adoption of standards of employment relationship founded on insecurity. In this way, processes occurring justifications of violations of workers ‘ rights, in the specific case of the reform of the Maracanã. There have been two outages during the execution of works, related to bad working conditions. But numerous other cases, both in the country and in Rio de Janeiro, are happening in the course of the works linked to sporting mega events and the Olympics “, analyzes the report.
On the other hand, the State Government removed street vendors around the maracana. In addition, the street vendors of the South are also being impacted due to other sporting events, because they are not allowed to set up their tents on the occasion. In total, only in the city of Rio de Janeiro, it is estimated that there are 60 thousand itinerant workers. “The city approved in the House of Councillors, in 2009, legislation that prohibits any Peddler working in a radius of two kilometers of stadiums and other locations of competitions, athletes and hosting related events. Is also provided for the repression, with arrest and seizure of goods, of any person marketing material that references to symbols of the events and their sponsors, “according to the report.
Professor of IPPUR/UFRJ recognizes the jobs, but that other interests are at stake. “It is undeniable that there is a generation of several sectors as the civil sector, tourism and entertainment. But there are other sectors that suffer indirectly the impact of these interventions and suffer violations of rights such as the right to work, in relation to the major interests that are involved to big business. The two sectors hardest hit in this model are the street vendors. It’s not just persecution, repression of informal trade, what is at stake is the creation of spaces monopólicos for the operation of the companies associated with major events. They operate the space, regulate the space and that’s absolutely unheard of because FIFA and the IOC will have the power of regulation of economic activities of an area of the city during these mega events. Public order is controlled to become subject to some interests and on the other hand you have spaces where the company can operate in order monopoly “. Brazilian sport
The case of the Maracana is also symbolic. More than 1 billion dollars have already been spent on the reform works of the stadium, which had already been renovated to host the Pan American Games in 2007. The current reform bill also includes an award for 35 years of the complex of Maracana to the consortium formed by the companies Odebrecht, AEG and IMX, the latter being responsible for the feasibility study of the project of the new maracana Complex, in addition to the demolition of the Olympic athletes training spaces like the Julio Delamare aquatic park and the Athletics Stadium Celio de Barros. Other than that, the Municipal School Friedenreich,-one of the ten best in the country, according to the Ideb-, and the building of 1862, in which Darci Ribeiro established the former Museu do Índio were condemned to demolition. See more details on the subject ‘ the territory of traditional communities: a historical dispute.
According to the document, the Celio de Barros was used for about 600 people a day and housed 15 athletic teams. “In all, we had, until January, about 150 athletes training in high yield, in search of indexes to the major continental and World Championships of different categories and to the Olympic Games and the 2016 Paralympic Games, which, as we all know, will be held in the city of Rio de Janeiro,” according to the document.
Athlete who uses one of the spaces to be demolished, Monica Lages do Amaral if mobilized with the cause and made part of the document with his testimony. “I’m training every day thirteen years ago. So close to the Olympics in my town, that can be my first, the process will be stopped. But there is no one worried about it besides us. The focus for 2016 is not in medals, but the money “, says the athlete, who trains on the Julio Delamare Park.
According to the document, the public spending safely on account of the event is already in the House of 2 billion reais and will involve approximately 53 thousand agents. The researchers also point out that the implementation of pacifying Police Units (UPP) is directly related to these sports and events that, according to them, represents the largest state spending on public security. ‘ Only in 2014, the cost will be $ 720 million, providing an effective 12 thousand cops ‘. So far, 18 have already been installed in the UPPs the noblest of the city regions, and the planning of the installation is that the World Cup be installed 40 UPPs across town.
The relationship of the UPPs with property speculation can be seen in a number of ways. The Olympic City Monopoly game brings in one of his letters called “lucky” the appreciation of the apartment next to a community at peace. In addition, the businessman Eike Batista, in agreement with the State Government, will invest 20 million dollars per year until 2014 for the financing of peacekeeping police.
“Create a policy of order, control, that allow the reintroduction of the areas that were devalued to real estate valuation and also the ownership of own areas from the slums to the market. The UPPs appear in this context. There is a change in the paradigm of public administration. Incorporate these market areas is not seen as negative, on the contrary, will be commended. The City Hall of Rio if subordinate to economic interests on behalf of the development of the city is seen as positive. It doesn’t matter if this produces multiple spaces of inequality, or greater social exclusion. If this is going to generate the expulsion via the market, the expulsion of a portion of the population, of the popular classes who live in the slum, it is considered a non-desirable effect, but an effect on which you cannot escape. He is seen as the price to be paid for its development, is inevitable. In this new paradigm, there is an association between economic interest and the common good. If it’s good for business is good for the good of all. No deployment of UPP was accompanied by education, assurance of social law in these areas. Is a clear policy of incorporation of these areas to the housing market, “analyzes the teacher.
The resident of the peak Santa Marta ratifies this analysis. “After the entry of the design of peacekeeping units (UPP) many other entered too, including threats of removal. Then, on 11 January, we received the news that we would be removed from our homes on the grounds that the area was at risk. But, what we can see here is that the place we live has become conducive to explore, “said the resident.
The document also highlights the issue of compulsory internment as one of the strategies to get the big events. Already pointed in various subjects of BRAZIL/Fiocruz as a kicker in the treatment of people with mental health problems, is compulsory internment policy, according to the document, stamped ‘ proibicista, asylum and hygienist.
“It is obvious that the compulsory hospitalization project fits this Bill public order, city cleaning, and, in Brazil, as everyone knows, when it concerns the drug policy, is completely outdated of contemporary debate. The policy relates very well with the need to clean certain areas of the city the unwanted presence of people who prevent the incorporation of these spaces in securities speculation, “says Orlando.
Viviane Tavares matters- health Joaquim Venâncio Polytechnical School (BRAZIL/Fiocruz), published by EcoDebate, 5/24/2013