Warning to Freshwater scarcity, UN calls for global efforts to protect natural resources

Warning to Freshwater scarcity, UN calls for global efforts to protect natural resources

Published on May 24, 2013 by HC 

 

Acesso à água. Foto: Banco Mundial/Allison Kwesell

Photo: World Bank/Allison Kwesell

 

Unless more efforts are made to reverse the current trends, the world will run out of fresh water, said the UN on Wednesday (22), marking the international day for biological diversity. The organization called for global efforts to understand and protect the natural resources.

“We live in an increasingly insecure world, where water demand often exceeds supply, where water quality is often not able to meet minimum quality standards. According to current trends, future water demands will not be met, ” said Ban in his message to remember the day.” Although apparently abundant, only a small amount of fresh water available on our planet, “he added.

According to the United Nations Program for the environment (UNEP), of the total volume of water on Earth, only 2.5% is fresh water.

Water scarcity affects almost all continents and more than 40% of people on our planet, said the United Nations food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). With current trends, 1.8 billion people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity by 2025.

“Biodiversity and the ecosystem services it provides are essential to achieve the vision of a world where the water supply is safe,” said Ban, noting the balancing role that forests, wetlands and soil biodiversity provide to the environment.

Ban Ki-moon and Irina Bokova, head of UNESCO, stressed the importance of strong scientific alliances as part of a global effort to protect the natural resources. They encouraged the parties to the Convention on biological diversity that have not yet done so to ratify the Protocol of Nagoya. Adopted in 2010, the Protocol establishes, among other goals, cutting the current extinction rate by half or more by 2020.

At a press conference in New York, the Brazilian Bráulio de Souza Dias, Executive Secretary of the Convention on biological diversity, said that biodiversity must be seen as part of a winning solution for both sides in sustainable development.

“It’s very easy to say that Yes, we must provide water for all, but how do we do that is the question,” said Davis, noting the importance of thinking beyond the traditional solutions, a more integrated and collaborative way to effectively accomplish the Objectives of the Millennium.

Report of the UNITED NATIONS Brazil, published by Eco Debate, 5/24/2013

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