Demarcations in 212 conflictive regions of the country

Demarcations in 212 conflictive regions of the country

 June 1, 2013 | 09:01

RATTI ARRUDA-Agência Estado

Sidrolândia, in Mato Grosso do Sul, where he was murdered a native leader on Thursday, 30, is just one among many sources of tension in the country around the demarcation of indigenous lands. Survey completed earlier this year by the indigenous missionary Council (Cimi) points 212 rural areas whose residents are faced with this type of conflict, between Indians to farmers, loggers, squatters and other groups whose activities are linked to land ownership.  

The process of demarcation of indigenous land is time-consuming. Between the initial claim of the Indians interested in the land and the final document of record in the registry in real estate, can take decades. 

According to the Ccme, however, conflicts increase in two stages: when the National Indian Foundation (Funai) recognizes the indigenous petition and begins the process of identification of the territory; and when declares, after technical analysis, that the land should be handed over to the Indians. 

At the time, Funai are registered 150 areas in the process of identification; and other 62 already declared (hence the 212 total). It is in these two phases that thwarted most interest groups react, resorting to justice or triggering actions to prevent the work of Funai. In Mato Grosso do Sul there are six areas whose demarcation process is halted because the “ruralists” boycott the mobility of specialists of the institution of Government. 

The delay in Justice processes aggravates conflicts. Shortly after the death of the Indian Oziel Gabriel, Thursday, 30, the Confederation of agriculture and livestock of Brazil (CNA) issued notes in which pointed out that the demarcations cause legal uncertainty in the countryside.

The information is from the newspaper O Estado de s. Paulo.

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