Gilberto Carvalho admits failures amid protests and occupations.
Gilberto Carvalho admits failures amid protests and occupations. Week Environment, Indigenous leaders criticize hydroelectric projects and policies that should prevent and mitigate impacts
The Minister of the Secretariat General of the Presidency and the main interlocutor of the government for social movements, Gilberto Carvalho, yesterday admitted a series of failings of Indian policy of President Dilma Rousseff.
“We are not afraid to say that many things went wrong in Belo Monte,” he said. He acknowledged that the hearings held before the start of construction of the dam, which is being built in Altamira (PA), do not obey the query template with the law.
The lack of consultation with affected indigenous and riverine, as envisaged in the Constitution and the Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization (ILO), is one of the targets of the actions of federal prosecutors and criticism of the indigenous movement and civil society against the project.
The Indians met with Minister Gilberto Carvalho and other officials at the Presidential Palace
Carvalho acknowledged that compliance with the environmental conditions of the plant is delayed and reported that government representatives had a meeting “tough” with the direction of the company responsible for the project, Norte Energia, to enforce the constraints.
The constraints are measures to prevent or compensate for environmental impacts of the plant. Much of it is still on paper, although it should have been implemented long before the beginning of the work.
The minister also admitted mistakes of the government and Federal Police operations to vacate a farm in Sidrolândia (MS) on Thursday (30/5), and the deactivation of illegal mining, the Indigenous Land (IT) Mundurukú (PA / MT ) in November. The actions resulted in the death of an Indian Terena and Munduruku.
The statements were made at a meeting with 140 Indians Munduruku Xipaya, Kayapó, Arara and tupinambá in Brasilia yesterday. The meeting was a requirement of the Indians to leave the main construction of Belo Monte, occupied eight days ago . It was the second led occupation Mundurukú in less than a month .
They demand the stoppage of works and studies for the construction of dams in the Tapajós Basin, southwest of Pará, until they heard about them. Many leaders do not allow the deployment of any venture.
Yesterday, an Indian Terena was shot in the back on another busy farm, also in Sidrolândia. It would have been attacked by gunmen.
Protests and occupations
Gilberto Carvalho acknowledged failures when the Indians held a series of protests and occupations in Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul against the determination of Plateau paralyze the demarcation of indigenous lands and take powers of the National Indian Foundation ( more info ).
The government has strengthened the effective National Force in Belo Monte and sent another contingent to Sidrolândia to prevent new conflicts and occupations.
At its meeting in Brasilia, the Indians harshly condemned the police action in IT and government policies in education and health for indigenous communities.
“The government says it wants dialogue with indigenous peoples. I do not understand what the dialogue of the government, sending the PF for our region. It forced a dialogue with weapons over our heads. For us, this is not dialogue. It threatens! “Criticized Valdenir Mundurukú.
Hydropower in the Tapajós
Gilberto Carvalho Mundurukú proposed to hold a meeting with government representatives, a minimum period of 20 days, to discuss what are the procedures for consultation on hydropower in the Tapajós. The Indians were to give an answer.
The Mundurukú admit attend the hearings, but insist on having the right to influence the decision about which plants should be built or not. Munduruku leaders estimate that without this prerogative, queries will only serve to legitimize a decision already taken, to build the dams ( see more in the Special Law on the ISA Consultation Free, Prior and Informed ).
Carvalho ensured that the works will not begin before the Indians are consulted, but stressed that the plateau will not give them up and that the necessary studies will follow, regardless of the hearings, another topic that has been created and will create more friction between government and Muduruku ( read more ).
The new occupations Mundurukú not rule whether the deployment procedures of the plants remain before the start of formal consultations. “Our fight is just beginning. We will not stop here, “he added Valdenir. “Today, we are here in 140. Tomorrow, we can come up with a thousand more. “
There are 14 dams planned for the Tapajós Basin. They can bring serious impacts on local ecosystems and, consequently, on the livelihoods and way of life of indigenous and riverine.