Indian Land Grabs Revealed
Report of the military regime already announced by land conflicts in the region of MS
Already in the 60, in full military regime in Brazil, there was concern about conflicts between Indians and farmers in the region where today is the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and Parana. Documents of the time indicate outbreaks of tension in lands due to the illegal sale of land from the Indians.
The two States join together today to challenge expansion studies of villages and face the Indian reaction, mainly in Sidrolândia.
Report published today by the newspaper Estado de São Paulo is based on documents considered confidential, but that were forgotten in the Indian Museum, in Rio de Janeiro, until being recovered by the Group of the National Commission of truth, which analyzes the indigenous question in dictatorship.
The information reinforce the claim of ethnic communities as terena, which appears as expropriated at the behest of politicians, judges and employees of the defunct SPI (Indian protection service).
The report has seven thousand pages and only a small part was parsed. Among the evidence attached, is a former employee of SPI, Helium Jorge Brucker. In 1967, an audience with members in Campo Grande, he proved that at the end of the Decade of 1950, large tracts of land that had been granted to indigenous people were passed on to farmers. Were areas terena, kadiwéu and guarani.
Helium cited, for example, the decision taken by the Legislative Assembly of Mato Grosso, in April 1, 1958, which left the kadiwéu without reservation. The areas “were granted to relatives (of Deputies), politicians and judges.”
After installed Parliamentary Inquiry Commission, the Court of Justice published list of people who would have received the lands, to explain in court, but few cases were reversed. The kadiwéu, for example, recovered only part of the land in the region of Bodoquena.
Another document, July 26, 1968, with confidential stamp, is signed directly by the head of the National Information Service, general Emilio Garrastazu Médici, President of Brazil later. In the report, the National Security Council, he cites the case of the caingangue tribe, in the southwest of Paraná, as proven “land grab belonging to indigenous peoples”, attaching copies of documents evidencing 158.
According to the Commission, are numerous reports and evidence that villages were divided in order for distribution to settlers, but the process ended up in the hands of politicians and strong economic sectors, such as logging. Still in the State of Paraná, in the 1950, the then Governor Moysés Lupion appears as responsible for making “a large Glebe in Paraná State that was intended, by constitutional provision, the awning forestry Hose” but that in the following years ended up enjoying his supporters.
Still no details about the full content of the material prepared by the military regime, but one of the members of the group that researches the indigenous question for the Truth Commission, Marcelo Zelic, damning the evidence considered in defense of indigenous claims. In his assessment, the ethnicity terena and guarani are victims of abuse.
“The Government can’t ignore who bought land in good faith by creating the means to compensate them, but also can not turn your back to the Indians. The Brazilian State always tries to postpone the solution of indigenous land issue, instead of looking for solutions “.
The report of the dictatorship began to be produced in 1967, by the Prosecutor Monica de Figueiredo belt toured the country at the invitation of the now defunct Ministry of the Interior to investigate allegations of crimes committed against the indigenous population. The document was given as lost in a fire in the Ministry for over 40 years and has recently been found in the Museu do Índio.