The fragility of traditional peoples on the development-to-any-cost
Friday, 7/10/2015, at 19:50, by Amelia Gonzalez
The fragility of traditional peoples on the development-to-any-cost
SUMMARY: the journalist Amelia Gonzalez presents in this post the unfolding of a recommendation of the Federal Prosecutor for the region of Bailique archipelago, in Amapá, is more secure, as well as its population. Read the post in its entirety below:
Last week, the news that Federal prosecutors made recommendations to five organs to give more protection to the territory of Bailique archipelago, in Amapá , worked for me as a kind of clock time.
As you know those who accompany me in this space, I’ve been there twice to accompany the creation of the Community of the Protocol to Bailique has, among others, the concern with the local agrarian regularization.
The Prosecutor Thiago Cunha Almeida, the same that is now making the recommendations, was the first Hustle of all communities of Bailique, last year, at the invitation of the Amazon Working Group (GTA), which coordinates the process of elaboration of the Protocol.
The villagers took turns in requests to the young — at the time newly sworn-that came out, I was able to see as well interested in undoing the mess between Union and State, as each considers himself master of the territory formed by eight Islands and with a still very abundant biodiversity.
In the Hustle that happened in the same spot this year , Thiago Almeida could not go. But the Group of guests and future partners that the President of GTA, Rubens Gomes, managed to gather, were two lawyers specialized in causes of traditional peoples and communities, since residents of a traditional community Bailique if autodeclaram. Tiago Martins and Igor Monteiro, during the entire trip, were trying to explain better what laws can do for people.
As soon as the news came out about the decision of the MPF, I made contact with them and knew that will meet with the Prosecutor Thiago Almeida on day 29 of this month to discuss also about the question of lack of electricity the applicant in Bailique: “we need to resolve this issue. That population is, sometimes two, three days without light. It is impossible that! “he told me James.
The interview with James Malik was made on 14 June, day on the boat back to Macapá, the first of almost 2:0 pm we’d spend navigating the Amazon still have very fresh in memory the surrounding scenery, abundant nature of goods, contrasting with the privations that people must face to live there.
What is to be registered, however, is that those people want to keep living on site, but they need help from the State to improve their conditions. Below, the full text of the interview:
When you hear talk about people and traditional communities, the first thing you think is, are people who live with many shortcomings. Is there?
Tiago Martins – Do Not. Are people who have a peculiar mode of life. And when we speak in the most peculiar way of life we have to think of dynamism, in motion, because that’s the concept. It is normal to find that people who live in wooden houses, or the fisherman who lives a very simple life, or one that lives from that plant, which has a bathroom in the back of the House. But the peculiar shape of life relate to elements that surround a differentiated form. And this concept – which is above the anthropology and Sociology– is that needs to be appropriate for science, for the right.
But what these people earn with the appropriation of this concept by the law?
Tiago Martins -It’s just how you can make the application of the laws to implement the citizenship of these people. I can’t talk about traditional peoples citizenship if not knowing the peculiar shapes of their lives.
We’re in the archipelago of Bailique, where they grow ACAI, honey, fish, use the River to get around. Is this intrinsic relationship with nature that we’re talking about?
Tiago Martins – Yes, we can see how all those productive chains that you quoted interfere with their way of life, in their personality. We made contact, for example, with Vic Adams, President of the Community Association Bailique, and he has on affective memory as fun as a child: taking ACAI, fishing … This is a peculiar way of life. The indiana Vandana Shiva, who created the naÍndia seed bank, says that if we have to think seven generations ahead, traditional peoples need to think in 70 generations ahead. Because, for them, it’s all here. I wonder if Vic’s grandkids are going to have to harvest Acai as children?
Well, Let’s imagine that the acai berry runs out. They will have to find other food and may not be depending on “third parties” to come and teach them to do this because, of course, that “training” will not be free.
Tiago Martins – that’s what I meant in the beginning of our conversation, when I talked about dynamism. The peculiar shape of life is dynamic and we can’t allow these people lose their capacity for resilience. These people are able to replace a resource when it ends. Only if they get damaged and fail more prospect nothing will happen like happened with a group of runaway slaves. Communities emptied, each get a life form somewhere else. Was an open field for those who want to use natural resources as you pleased.
What is the biggest question?
Tiago Martins – The bordering, traditional peoples are seen as obstacles to development at all costs that entrepreneurs want to print as usual. They do not propose partnership, they want these people are their employees, which weakens. And don’t bother with the devastation of natural goods.
Do you believe that there may be a change in that kind of attitude?
Tiago Martins – I believe Yes. As well as traditional people have this ability to adapt, companies also have. The corporate world will end up changing, will understand that it is a mistake to think, for example, that the only knowledge that counts is that you get in schools. What is built in the forest, on the outskirts of the cities, which the professor and sociologist Boaventura Dean invokes common sense, is valid and should be taken into account by the companies, they will understand it sooner or later. I like his phrase that says: “we have the right to be equal when the difference in inferioriza. We have the right to be different when equality detracts us “.
Why did you decide to offer your services for free to these communities of Bailique?
Tiago Martins -Many regard as charity, but that’s not it. I’m a researcher, I have here a huge field of research, it is natural that I offer something in return. It’s a win-win. My students call me idealistic, and I think I am because I don’t see utopia as something impossible to achieve, but as something that never ceases to get. My return to bailiquenses communities will be in the documentary I’m doing here and I’m going to do between academics, on circular that do reach the public institutions. The issue of energy, for example, cannot go on like this … sometimes they go days without light, and that disturbs a lot to have conditions more worthy of life.
In your search, you’ve encountered with complex situations, that’s for sure. Tell me about a case that affected a lot?
Tiago Martins – Was August 2013, I was working with Quilombola community of Marajó in a municipality called Waterfalls do Arari. There was an issue with a businessman who was being kicked out of the site and one of the Maroons, who became my friend, told me he wanted to make denúnciase made. I remember a quote from him at the end of the statement: “will the quilombola was born to suffer?”. A week later he was killed in Bethlehem and was made a police investigation, which ended in 30 days and defined death as “crime of passion”. He was a quiet man, a little more than 60 years, or drink, he drank. To me, that’s not it.
* The organs that are receiving the first recommendation of the Federal Public Ministry (as a reprimand) are: Incra, ICMBio, Sema, Imap and SPU. If within a period determined they do not have shares that can be adopted to regularize those lands, the reprimand could turn a public civil action.