Stop License to Operate Belo Monte

Please sign ….preserve

Open letter from professors, researchers, students and citizens of Brazil and the world against the granting of the operation license of Belo Monte

https://secure.avaaz.org/po/petition/Presidencia_da_Republica_Ministerio_do_Meio_Ambiente_IBAMA_Carta_aberta_contra_a_concessao_da_Licenca_de_Operacao_de_Bel/?crTXmbb

Your Excellencies
Dilma Rousseff

President of the Republic of Brazil

Izabella Teixeira

Minister of the Environment

Marilene de Oliveira Ramos Murias dos Santos

President of IBAMA

This Public Letter, originating from the Colloquium Concession to Violence: the Belo Monte Operating Licensei, held at the Federal University of Pará, is one more tenacious attempt in the search for dialogue with the government and the state technocracy in Brazil.

In this event, we have analyzed the decisions that result in the destruction of the social and cultural life of Peoples in the region of the Xingu River, including thousands of persons who depend on its territories and natural resources, whose ways of life are irreparably transformed by the construction of the Belo Monte Hydroelectric Complex.

Here we reiterate what has been exposed in numerous documents, books, articles, cycles of conferences, law suits and new socio-technical studies about the worsening of the social realities of Indigenous Peoples, fishermen, farmers, workers and city residents, and about the blind destruction of distinct natural environments.

These studies refer to inconsistencies and shortcomings observed since the the environmental impact study (EIA/RIMA) by specialists, social movements and federal public prosecutors from the state of Pará (MPF-PA), whose attentive action resulted in the introduction of legally-required conditions (for mitigation and compensation of impacts) since the issuing of the Preliminary License granted by IBAMA (2010).

The majority of required measures in the preliminary license were been met – instead, they were postponed for implementation after the Installation License. Now, the contractors are applying for the Operating License without these having been addressed. By abstaining from timely compliance, the consequences from this institutional, technical and political negligence and disregard are dragged forward.

Dozens of technical studies about the Belo Monte Complex have diligently scrutinized the forms of violence observed from the exclusion of Indigenous Peoples, Communities and groups from the decisions that concern them and, furthermore, the imposition of policies of resignation and neglect. Violence has been installed and has been exacerbated, making groups who are subjected to its effects devoid of present and future. This violence is attributable to the failure to uphold the Federal Constitution and International Conventions (ILO Convention 169 from 1989; Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development from 1992; the Kyoto Protocol from 2005).

The government ignores, constrains and violates the Federal Constitution, especially with regard to Indigenous Lands, Traditional Peoples and established rights. The government cunningly uses the imposition of a legal artifice, the “Security Suspension” (“Suspensão de Segurança”), seeking at all costs to undermine the political actions of social actors, which it has also sought to criminalize.

The Norte Energia consortium denies the social problems caused by Belo Monte. Among the most alarming are the displacement and so-called resettlement of residents from neighborhoods, islands, and villages, where not even minimal conditions for the reproduction of forms of social life and work of fishermen and farmers, both indigenous and non-indigenous, are respected.

The State’s bureaucracy, the politicians and the technicians are all involved in the production of a discourse of legitimization, the primary goal of which is to reduce technical uncertainties, minimize financial costs and produce delusions of grandeur.

The disruption on distinct natural environments of the Xingu River region continues rapidly and without measurement of the effects on each ecosystem and each resource. The Belo Monte Complex is being inserted into a region of extremely high biological importance. In the monitoring process, abrupt changes to fish populations in the Xingu River, which possesses centers of species diversification of unique biology and hydrology, are being disregarded.

Indigenous Lands continue to be invaded, such as the indigenous territories of Cachoeira Seca; Terrã Wãgã (Arara da Volta Grande) and Apyterewa, constituting all a flagrant failure to meet legally-required conditions of Belo Monte. The fishermen and their traditional fishing strategies are massively under threat. The impact resulting from the construction phase has not been properly assessed. For the operating period, the effects concerning biodiversity loss, the genetic impoverishment of populations, as well as the estimates related to certain species, which are already recognized as highly endangered and most important to the economy and local food systems (such as turtles and fish) are not being calculated.

These actions mark the destruction of territories and ecosystems, with their respective life stories forged in the course of historic and geologic time. The loss of innumerous species of terrestrial, aquatic and subterranean fauna, as well as the microbiota associated with the Xingu River basin, leads us to affirm that what is being pursed is ecocide.

In this process of transformation, there are also facts that highlight the situations of illegality and social convulsion resulting from the installation of the project. Against all warnings, the construction of the Belo Monte Hydroelectric Dam Project is contrary to the principles of human rights, and has pushed to the limit the lives of Indigenous Peoples, the river dwelling peoples, fishermen, farmers and workers of the Xingu. Despite their appeals and their attempts to engage with the government, as well as legal actions filed by state and federal public prosecutors, what is occurring, and with a high level of perversity, is the death of communities and cultures.

The scale of this destruction, with the physical and psychological pressures it exerts on Indigenous Peoples and groups that have been involuntarily expelled, compromising the transmission of knowledge between generations, leads us to characterize this process as genocide.

Today, Brazil, as a whole has become an accomplice to genocide, ethnocide and ecocide occurring in the Amazon. For the Indigenous Peoples from the Xingu, it is about their right to life, in the deepest sense of what that means. The only possibility, and therefore, non-negotiable, for the dignity of the Brazilian society is to honor the commitments written in their history and restore the citizenship rights that the State has the duty to preserve.

We present this denunciation and carry it forward with the conviction that this combination of genocide, ethnocide and ecocide is part of a global environmental conflict, and we invite all researchers and students, as well as all persons who do not condone violence, to express their repudiation for this type of project and, therefore, the granting of an operating license for the Belo Monte complex, positioning themselves in support of the Peoples of the Amazon, their Communities, cultures, territories and ecosystems.

Belém, June 30, 2015.

SONIA BARBOSA MAGALHÃES- UFPA/NCADR/PPGSA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

FRANCISCO DEL MORAL HERNANDEZ- UNESP/FATEC – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

ALEXANDRE CUNHA- UFPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

ANTONIO CARLOS Magalhães- MPEG – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

CARLA GIOVANA SOUZA ROCHA- UFPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

CARLOS B. VAINER – UFRJ/IPPUR – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

CÉLIO BERMANN – USP – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

CRISTIANE COSTA CARNEIRO- UFPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

EDNA CASTRO- UFPA/ NAEA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte FLÁVIO

CÉSAR THADEO DE LIMA – UNICAMP – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

HENRI ACSELRAD – UFRJ/IPPUR – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

JANICE MURIEL CUNHA- UFPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

JANSEN ZUANON – INPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

JUNIOR HIROYUKI ISHIHARA- UFPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

NILS EDVIN ASP NETO- UFPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

NIRVIA RAVENA- UFPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

PAULO ANDREAS BUCKUP – UFRJ – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

ROSA ACEVEDO MARIN- UFPA/ NAEA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

SABRINA NASCIMENTO- UFPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

SERGIO CORREA- UEPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

TÂNIA SENA CONCEIÇÃO –UFPA – Independent Expert Panel – Belo Monte

ANDREIA MACEDO BARRETO- PUBLIC DEFENDER OF THE STATE OF PARÁ

CLAUDIO LUIZ DOS SANTOS- FEDERAL PUBLIC PROSECUTOR

FELÍCIO PONTES JUNIOR- PUBLIC PROSECUTOR, MINISTÉRIO PÚBLICO FEDERAL

RAIMUNDA GOMES DA SILVA- RESIDENT OF BARRIGUDA ISLAND – XINGU RIVER

JOSÉ ALBERTO BRÁZ DE LIMA- FORUM IN DEFENSE OF ALTAMIRA

ALBINO JOSE EUSÉBIO- UFPA

ANA CAROLINA CAVALCANTE JUCÁ- UFPA

ANA CAROLINA SOUSA CAVALCANTE- UNAMA

ANA GISELLE RIBEIRO CANCELA- SECRETARY OF STATE FOR JUSTICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

ANA JULIA MOURÃO SALHEB DO AMARAL- UFPA

ANA NATALIA BARBOSA SILVA- UFPA

ANA PIZARRO – UNIVERSITY OF SANTIAGO, CHILE

ANA ROSA FERREIRA OLIVEIRA- PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION CENTER DNA

ANDRÉA ZHOURI – GESTA-UFMG

ÂNGELA SUELI BARBOSA DA SILVA JORGE- SECRETARY OF STATE FOR JUSTICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

ANTONIA MELO DA SILVA- FORUM IN DEFENSE OF ALTAMIRA

ANTÔNIO ARTHUR CRUZ DO NASCIMENTO- UEPA

ANTÔNIO FABIANO SOUZA DE ARAÚJO- UFPA

AQUILES SIMÕES – UFPA/NCADR

ARLETH DE JESUS FIEL GONÇALVES- UFPA

BRUNA DA SILVA CAVALCANTE- UFPA

CAMILA ARAGÃO- UFPA

CARINA DA LUZ SILVA- UNOPAR/ FAMAC

CARLA ROMANO AMARAL- REDÁRIO PARAENSE DE PERMACULTURA

CLARISSA MIRANDA RODRIGUES- UFPA

CLAUDELI MORAES ARNAND- UFPA

CLEICE DA LUZ VIDAL- UFPA

DANILO LIMA DA SILVA JÚNIOR -UNAMA

DANNA RAISSA – UFPA/PPGSA

DIEGO ANDREWS HAYDEN GONÇALVES- UFPA

DINAILSON BEWASSULY DE FREITA- COMITÊ DOROTHY

DION MONTEIRO- MOVIMENTO XINGU VIVO

DIONIZIO ARAUJO SANTOS- UFPA

EDILA MOURA- UFPA/PPGSA

EDILAINE SOARES BRITO- FACULDADE MAURICIO DE NASSAU

EDILCINA MONTEIRO FERREIRA- UFPA

EDILSON ALMEIDA DE SOUZA- INCRA

ELIANA FRANCO TEIXEIRA- UNAMA

ELIZABETE PEREIRA PIRES- UFPA

ELYSÂNGELA SOUSA PINHEIRO- UFPA

ERWIN KRAUTLER – PRELAZIA DO XINGU

EVANDRO DA SILVA GAIA- UFPA

FABRÍCIO CESAR DA COSTA RODRIGUES- UFPA/NUMA

FELIPE ARTHUR DE SOUZA FRANCO TEIXEIRA- CESUPA

FERNANDA COSTA DE LIMA- IESAM

FLAVIA DO AMARAL VIEIRA- UFSC

GALTIANE PANTOJA DE FREITAS- UFPA

GELDES C CASTRO- UFPA

GLAUCY LEARTE DA SILVA- PPGSA/UFPA

GUTEMBERG ARMANDO DINIZ GUERRA – UFPA/NCADR

GYSELLE DOS SANTOS CONCEIÇÃO- UFPA

HAYDEÉ MÁRCIA DE SOUZA MARINHO- UFPA

HÉCTOR ALIMONDA – UFRRJ

HUGO BLANCO – LUCHA INDÍGENA

JADSON ALBUQUERQUE DOS SANTOS- UFPA

JAKELINE ALMEIDA BRITO- UFPA

JEAN PIERRE LEROY – FASE AND BRAZILIAN NETWORK FOR ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE

JEFERSON ALMEIDA DE OLIVEIRA- UFPA

JOSÉ BRUNO SANTOS PINHEIRO- UFPA

JOSE LUIZ CARDOSO DE LIMA- MINISTÉRIO PÚBLICO FEDERAL

JOSE ROMEU SENA DA CONCEICAO- UFPA

JOSE ROZIVAN DOS SANTOS SILVA- SEED-AP

JULIAN ISLAN MARTINS RODRIGUES- UEPA

JULIANA SILVA E SILVA- UFPA

JULIANA SOLANGE VENTURA DE LIRA- UNOPAR/FAMAC

KÁTIA MARIA DOS SANTOS MELO- UEPA/UNB

KELLY NAIANE P. GAIA- UFPA

KELVIN JORDAN VILHENA MORAES- UFPA

LAURA ANGÉLICA FERREIRA- UFPA/NCADR

LEILA MARIA DOS SANTOS SILVA- SECRETARY OF STATE FOR JUSTICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

LEONARDO PEROTE DA SILVA- UFPA

LEONNE BRUNO DOMINGUES ALVES- UFPA

LETÍCIA GABRIELLY DE SOUSA PINTO- FIBRA

LIDIA LACERDA- UFPA

LISSANDRA CORDEIRO RIBEIRO- UFPA

LORENA CARDOSO DE LIMA- UFPA/FASE/COMITÊ XINGU VIVO

LUCIANA RIÇA MOURÃO BORGES- USP

LUÍS ALEXANDRE BEZERRA DO NASCIMENTO –UEPA

LUIS MAURO SILVA – UFPA/NCADR

LUIZ MARCELO DA SILVA BARBOSA- UFPA

MADSON JOSÉ NASCIMENTO QUARESMA- UFF

MANUELA CARNEIRO DA CUNHA – UNIVERSIDADE DE SÃO PAULO

MARA HASEO- UFPA/ICSA

MÁRCIA JOANA SOUZA MONTEIRO- UFRA

MARCO ANTONIO BARBOSA COTA- UFPA

MARCOS MOURA SANTOS- IFPA

MARILZA DA SILVA GUERRA PARAENSE- ARCON- PA/OUVIDORIA

MARLENE MONTEIRO MIRANDA- FACULDADE MAURICIO DE NASSAU

MARQUINHO MOTA- FORÚM DA AMAZÔNIA ORIENTAL

MAURO WILLIAM BARBOSA DE ALMEIDA – UNICAMP

MAYARA GONÇALVES LIMA- UFPA

MAYARA MENDES LEAL- IFPA

MAYCOM DOUGLAS FERREIRA DO NASCIMENTO- UEPA

MICHEL FERNANDES DA ROSA – UNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA

MONICA LIZARDO DE MORAES- UFPA

MONIQUE ROCHA RODRIGUES- UFPA

NÁDIA SOCORRO FIALHO NASCIMENTO- UFPA

NOEMI PORRO – UFPA/NCADR

ODILENE DA COSTA ANDRADE MOTA- SECRETARY OF STATE FOR JUSTICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

ODIVAN SÁ CABRAL- FACULDADE MAURICIO DE NASSAU

OTÁVIO VELHO – MUSEU NACIONAL

RAFAEL PENICHE- UFPA

RENAN DO VALE CARNEIRO- UFPA

ROBERTO MIGUEL DA COSTA FILHO – UEPA

ROSÂNGELA ANDRADE HINO- MINISTÉRIO PÚBLICO FEDERAL

ROSELENE DE SOUSA PORTELA – UFPA

ROSEMBERG BATISTA DE ARAÚJO – UFPA/PPGSA

ROSILEIA DA COSTA CARVALHO- UFPA

SHAJI THOMAS- UFPA/NAEA

SIANE KARLA DOS SANTOS SILVA- UFPA

SIMY DE ALMEIDA CORREA- UFPA/NAEA

SORAYA ABREU DE CARVALHO- UFPA/ NCADR

SÖREN WEIßERMEL – UNIVERSIDADE DE KIEL

STELA ABREU – ANTHROPOLOGIST

SUELEN REIS DA CONCEIÇÃO –UFPA

SUELY RODRIGUES ALVES- UFPA

SUSANY SOUSA –IEB

TAINAH JORGE –UFPA

TALITA INGRID DA SILVA- UFPA

THIAGO AUGUSTO LIMA MOURA – UFPA

TIMEI AREIRINI- ALDEIA ASURINI

VANIA FIALHO – UFPE

VICTOR ANTÔNIO DOS SANTOS FERREIRA- UNAMA

VICTÓRIA SANTOS DE ABREU –UEPA

VIVIANE BRIGIDA- UFPA

VONÍNIO BRITO DE CASTRO –PPGA/UFPA

VYCTOR ALBERTO DOS SANTOS TRINDADE –UFPA

WELLEN DE SOUSA OLIVEIRA- UFPA

WELSON DE SOUZA CARDOSO- UFPA/NAEA

WILLIAM SANTOS DE ASSIS – UFPA/NCADR

YAN ARAÚJO SANTOS DA CAMPO – UFPA

YGOR YURI PEREIRA DA SILVA- UFPA

This is a summarized version of the Letter. See the full version at www.hisam.com.br

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