“The Government Temer can account for the first indigenous victims.”
By Luiz Bernardo Pericás, the Boitempo Blog
The brazilian indigenous population has reason to worry about the interim Government headed by Michel Temer and his gang. The historical demands of the native peoples did not receive due attention from the authorities or the press visibility and its causes are often relegated to a second plan in the sphere of the State. The result: growing persecution to their communities, murder, abandonment or neglect in relation to the basic infrastructure and loss of territory.
Among the main enemy of the Indians the ruralist bench in Congress, which approved the Special Commission the PEC 215, which deals with traditional lands as rural properties. With the end of the concept of “traditional”, opens the way for the advancement of businesses in areas already approved. This proposal, in addition, transfers of the Union to Congress the powers the demarcations. Not to mention the own Funai and CPI of Incra, another agenda supported by the “ruralists”.
It’s good to note that the new Minister of Justice, Abdul (same as qualified protests by social movements against the impeachment as “acts of guerrilla warfare”), stated that it will review the “demarcations of Indian lands that were made, if not on the run, the lights” Dilma’s Government (such as the Golden Peguá I TI Amambaí, Mato Grosso do Sul , where the guarani kaiowá, the group that suffers most with murders in all Brazil, in an area where 390 residents lost their lives by armed conflict between 2003 and 2014). A comment no doubt little heartening, but that actually reflects the intention of the own Michel Temer, who came to refer “off the record” something along the same lines (before the removal, rousseff has accelerated the process of demarcation of indigenous lands, and the Funai thereafter defined nine areas, approved four presidency and the Ministry of Justice, declared 12).
It is true that the history of Rousseff also isn’t the best. Its management was the least recognized indigenous lands since the democratization of the country (still, the President removed it has approved around one million hectares). During his administration, the Funai was drying: the budget of the Foundation, it was 174 million in 2013, R$ went to R$ 154 million in 2014 and reached R$145 million in 2015. In addition, the number of its permanent employees has decreased, the institution currently operating with only 36% of its total capacity of servers. The Indians, in turn, failed to place, during this period, no representatives in Parliament. With Temer, however, the assessment of native peoples is that the situation will get worse.
After all, the hostility of the “ruralists” is great. And there are examples that show this clearly. One of them is the federal deputy Luiz Carlos Heinze of the PP of Rio Grande do Sul, which recently made a video call to colleagues of the Association of small farmers of Ilhéus, Una and Buerarema “, inciting violence against the tupinambá from Olivença (Bahia). In his greeting, claims that he and his group are “working to dismantle the farce of the indigenous question” and that “now, with the new Minister of Justice,” strive to “change the direction of Funai. According to the politician, the Gaucho country is under new management. This means that your countertop, in the current economic climate will strive to dismantle many decrees and ordinances. This is the same Deputy who, a few years ago, said that the Indians and other minorities are “everything sucks” and that, for these and other reasons, in 2014, has received from the British NGO Survival, the title of “racist”. The aggressiveness of the “ruralists”, thus, should be emphasized when it comes to a matter as delicate.
You can’t forget the sector mining attack on several fronts. One of them, at parliamentary level, through the 654/2015 PLS, proposed by none other than Senator Romero Jucá, aims to simplify the environmental licensing, including the mining works.
It never hurts to remind the nefarious role of this politician over the years. In an article in the newspaper O Globo,of 9 April 2016, Arnaldo Bloch remember the performance of Jucá as President of Funai in Sarney’s Government. According to Bloch, this individual had a predominant role in the most devastating policy of destruction of indigenous lands from contact with white border, at the end of the 19th century “. Says the columnist: “in the years 1980, the PMDB Senator of Roraima today spurred a gold rush which caused an invasion of illegal prospectors and miners. The number of explorers was five times the Yanomami. Only the recognition, in 1992, of 9.6 million hectares, demarcated area of Brazil, highly relevant for the protection of the Amazonian biodiversity, staunched the bleeding. ” He continues: “he not Jucá. It was he who introduced the Bill 1610, 1996, proposing the clipping of eye lands in article 176 of the Constitution, which releases the exploitation with specific legislation. Today, more than 50% of the area’s mining wants Yanomami. The daughter of Normand, senior partner of Boa Vista mining, had 90,000 hectares required. With the processing of the PEC 215, determining the revision of demarcations in open and approved-hurting such Citizen Constitution that Michel Temer boasts both have integrated – imagine what comes next “. Is this the man who President con chose to work at his side as planning Minister.
The invasion of territories and native forests is accompanied by increased deforestation. The silting up of rivers and soil and water contamination by pesticides are consequences of this phenomenon. The situation is alarming. According to the researcher from the National Institute for space research (INPE), Antonio Donato Noble, in an interview for the Humanitas Institute Unisinos (IHU), in relation to the devastation of the jungle, cutting shallow, only in the last 40 years, if eliminated the equivalent of 184 million football fields. That is, “were destroyed 42 billion trees in 40 years, about 3 million trees per day, 2,000 trees per minute. This trend has caused climate change in the country, with the increase of temperature, water rationing and acute and prolonged drought in several regions. Behind all this, the agribusiness interests and corporations.
The situation at the moment, therefore, is serious. As a CCME document, between the claims of the new representative ruralist bench are “readmission of forms of work similar to slavery” and “the end of environmental licensing and the unbridled exploitation of brazilian biodiversity,” beyond “the revision of the demarcations of Indian lands and the treatment of the land taken over by indigenous traditional national security cases with sending the army to areas considered as ‘ risk ‘ of occupations for these people. “
The clashes seem inevitable. In this sense, the Government Fear can already count the first indigenous victims. In Caarapó (MS), on 14 June, a health officer, the guarani kaiowá Cloudione Rodrigues Souza, lost his life after being shot by local ranchers, who also injured six other Indians (including a child). The gunmen fired at a group of natives, gathered near the village Teikuê (two days before, around 100 men had started the process of occupation of land claimed by them, which displeased the farmers of the region, which has the intention to defend in court the report of Funai, which demarcated territory). This area has 55.5 1000 acres and can ensure the survival of four communities in the region, with nearly 6000 people. The Indians, in this case, saw the brutality of the farmers.
The indigenous Brazilians, so have nothing to celebrate with the Government scam artist of Michel Temer. On the contrary. But they certainly will remain steadfast and haughty in his historical resistance. Even against the usurper on duty and his minions. It is the duty of all of us to support their cause.
* Luiz Bernardo Pericás graduated in history from George Washington University, a Ph.d. in economic history from USP and Ph.d. in political science by FLACSO (Mexico).
Image: 2015 Guarani Kaiowa
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